The Vermont Statutes Online
NOTE: The Vermont Statutes Online is an unofficial copy of the Vermont Statutes Annotated that is provided as a convenience.
NOTE: The online version of the Vermont Statutes does NOT yet include the actions of the 2023 legislative session. The 2023 updates should be available by the end of October.
Subchapter 001 : GENERAL PROVISIONS(Cite as: 32 V.S.A. § 9202)
§ 9202. Definitions
As used in this chapter unless the context clearly indicates a different meaning:
(1) “Commissioner” means the Commissioner of Taxes appointed under 3 V.S.A. § 2251 and the Commissioner’s authorized representatives.
(2) “Person” means any individual, combination of individuals, firm, partnership, society, association, joint stock company, corporation, or any of the foregoing acting in a fiduciary or representative capacity, whether appointed by court or otherwise.
(3) “Hotel” means an establishment that holds itself out to the public by offering sleeping accommodations for a consideration, whether or not the major portion of its operating receipts is derived therefrom and whether or not the sleeping accommodations are offered to the public by the owner or proprietor or lessee, sublessee, mortgagee, licensee, or any other person or the agent of any of the foregoing. The term includes inns, motels, tourist homes and cabins, ski dormitories, ski lodges, lodging homes, rooming houses, furnished-room houses, boarding houses, and private clubs, as well as any building or structure or part thereof to the extent to which any such building or structure or part thereof in fact is held out to the public by offering sleeping accommodations for a consideration. As used in this chapter, the term includes “short-term rental” as defined in 18 V.S.A. § 4301. The term shall not include the following:
(A) a hospital licensed under 18 V.S.A. chapter 43 or a nursing home, residential care home, assisted living residence, home for the terminally ill, therapeutic community residence as defined pursuant to 33 V.S.A. chapter 71, or independent living facility;
(B) any establishment operated by any state or U.S. agency or institution, except the Department of Forests, Parks and Recreation of the State of Vermont;
(C) an establishment operated by a nonprofit corporation or association organized and operated exclusively for religious, charitable, or educational purposes, one or more that, in furtherance of any of the purposes for which it was organized, operates a hotel as defined herein;
(D) a continuing care retirement community certified under 8 V.S.A. chapter 151.
(4) “Operator” means any person, or his or her agent, operating a hotel, whether as owner or proprietor or lessee, sublessee, mortgagee, licensee, or otherwise; and any person, or his or her agent, charging for a taxable meal or alcoholic beverage; and any person, or his or her agent, engaged in both of the foregoing activities. The term “operator” shall include booking agents and taxable meal facilitators. In the event that an operator is a corporation or other entity, the term “operator” shall include any officer or agent of such corporation or other entity who, as an officer or agent of the corporation, is under a duty to pay the gross receipts tax to the Commissioner as required by this chapter.
(5) “Occupant” means a person who, for a consideration, uses, possesses, or has a right to use or possess any room or rooms in a hotel under any lease, concession, permit, right of access, license, or agreement. The term shall not include a permanent resident.
(6) “Occupancy” means the use or possession, or the right to the use or possession, of any room or rooms in a “hotel” for any purpose, or the right to the use or possession of the furnishings or to the services and accommodations accompanying the use and possession of a room or rooms. The term shall not include occupancy by a “permanent resident,” or by an employee of an operator when such occupancy is granted to the employee as remuneration for his or her employment, or any occupancy furnished in a summer camp for children.
(7) “Permanent resident” means any occupant who has occupied any room or rooms in a “hotel” for at least 30 consecutive days.
(8) “Rent” means the consideration received for occupancy valued in money, whether received in money or otherwise, including all receipts, cash, credits, and property or services of any kind or nature, and also any amount for which the occupant is liable for the occupancy without any deduction therefrom whatsoever; and any monies received in payment for time-share rights at the time of purchase; provided, however, that such money received shall not be considered rent and thus not taxable if a deeded interest is granted to the purchaser for the time-share rights. The term “rent” shall include all amounts collected by booking agents except the tax required to be collected under this chapter. The term “rent” shall not include rental charges for living quarters, sleeping, or household accommodations to any student necessitated by attendance at a school as defined herein.
(9) “School” means an incorporated nonstock educational institution, including an institution empowered to confer educational, literary, or academic degrees, that has a regular faculty, curriculum, and organized body of pupils or students in attendance throughout the usual school year; that keeps and furnishes to students and others records required and accepted for entrance to a school of secondary, collegiate, or graduate rank; no part of the earnings of which inure to the benefit of any individual.
(10) “Taxable meal” means:
(A) Any food or beverage furnished within the State by a restaurant for which a charge is made, including admission, delivery or other facilitator charge, and minimum charges, whether furnished for consumption on or off the premises.
(B) Where furnished by other than a restaurant, any nonprepackaged food or beverage furnished within the State and for which a charge is made, including admission, delivery or other facilitator charge, and minimum charges, whether furnished for consumption on or off the premises. Fruits, vegetables, candy, flour, nuts, coffee beans, and similar unprepared grocery items sold self-serve for take-out from bulk containers are not subject to tax under this subdivision (10).
(C) Regardless where sold and whether or not prepackaged:
(i) sandwiches of any kind except frozen;
(ii) food or beverage furnished from a salad bar;
(iii) heated food or beverage; and
(iv) food or beverage sold through a vending machine.
(D) “Taxable meal” shall not include:
(i) Food or beverage, other than that taxable under subdivision (C) of this subdivision (10) that is a grocery-type item furnished for take-out: whole pies or cakes; loaves of bread; single-serving bakery items sold in quantities of three or more; delicatessen and nonprepackaged candy sales by weight or measure, except party platters; whole uncooked pizzas; pint or larger closed containers of ice cream or frozen confection; eight ounce or larger containers of salad dressings or sauces; maple syrup; quart or larger containers of cider or milk.
(ii) Food or beverage, including that described in subdivision (C) of this subdivision (10) or alcoholic beverages:
(I) served or furnished on the premises of a nonprofit corporation or association organized and operated exclusively for religious or charitable purposes, in furtherance of any of the purposes for which it was organized, with the net sales revenues of the food or beverage or alcoholic beverages to be used exclusively for the purposes of the corporation or association;
(II) served or furnished on the premises of a school as defined herein;
(III) served or furnished on the premises of any institution of the State, political subdivision thereof, or of the United States to inmates and employees of such institutions;
(IV) prepared by the employees thereof and served in any hospital licensed under 18 V.S.A. chapter 43;
(V) furnished by any person while transporting passengers for hire by train, bus, or airplane, if furnished on any train, bus, or airplane;
(VI) furnished by any person while operating a summer camp for children, in such camp;
(VII) sold by nonprofit organizations at bazaars, fairs, picnics, church suppers, or similar events to the extent of four such events of a day’s duration, held during any calendar year; provided, however, where sales are made at such events by an organization required to have a meals and rooms registration license or otherwise required to have a license because its selling events are in excess of the number permitted, the sale of such food or beverage or alcoholic beverages shall constitute sales made in the regular course of business and are not exempted from the Vermont meals and rooms gross receipts tax;
(VIII) furnished to any employee of an operator as remuneration for his or her employment;
(IX) provided to the elderly pursuant to the Older Americans Act, 42 U.S.C. chapter 35, subchapter III;
(X) purchased under the USDA Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP);
(XI) served or furnished on the premises of a continuing care retirement community certified under 8 V.S.A. chapter 151; or
(XII) prepared and served by the employees, volunteers, or contractors of any nursing home, residential care home, assisted living residence, home for the terminally ill, therapeutic community residence as defined pursuant to 33 V.S.A. chapter 71, or independent living facility; provided, however, that “contractor” under this subdivision (10)(D) excludes meals or alcoholic beverages provided by a restaurant as defined by subdivision (15) of this section when those meals or alcoholic beverages are not otherwise available generally to residents of the facility.
(iii) Food or beverage purchased for resale, provided that at the time of sale the purchaser provides the seller an exemption certificate in a form approved by the Commissioner. However, when the food or beverage purchased for resale is subsequently resold, the subsequent purchase does not come within this exemption unless the subsequent purchase is also for resale and an exemption certificate is provided.
(iv) Cannabis or cannabis products as defined under 7 V.S.A. § 831.
(11) “Alcoholic beverages” means any malt beverages, vinous beverages, spirits, or fortified wines as defined in 7 V.S.A. § 2 and served for immediate consumption. “Alcoholic beverages” shall be exempt from the tax imposed under section 9241 of this chapter when served under the circumstances enumerated in subdivision (10)(D)(ii) of this section under which food or beverages or alcoholic beverages are excepted from the definition of “taxable meal.”
(12) “Food or beverage” means any substance used by humans for food, drink, confectionery, or condiment, except alcoholic beverages.
(13) “Heated food or beverage” means any food or beverage prepared for sale in a heated condition by, for example, cooking, microwaving, or warming by infrared lights, steam tables, or other heating devices. Food is considered heated regardless of cooling to air temperature that incidentally occurs. Bakery products that are sold still warm from initial baking are not heated foods unless a heat source is applied to maintain them for sale in a heated condition.
(14) “Prepackaged” means packaged off the premises of the operator, whether packaged in single servings or larger quantities, and sold in the original unopened container; or packaged on the premises and sold in the unopened package provided the operator sells for resale at least 80 percent of all items packaged in the same type and size of packaging.
(15) “Restaurant” means:
(A) An establishment from which food or beverage of the type for immediate consumption is sold or for which a charge is made, including a cafe, cafeteria, dining room, diner, lunch counter, snack bar, private or social club, bar, tavern, street vendor, or person engaged in the business of catering.
(B) An establishment 80 percent or more of whose total sales of food and beverage in the previous taxable year were, or in the first taxable year are reasonably projected to be, of alcoholic beverages, food, and beverage that are taxable under subdivision (10)(C) of this section and food and beverage that are taxable under subdivision (10)(B) and are not exempt under subdivision (10)(D) of this section.
(C) “Restaurant” shall not include a snack bar on the premises of a retail grocery or “convenience” store.
(16) “Salad bar” means any counter, stand, table, or other display of salads and other foods at which the customer may handle, cook, cut, mix, or dispense, in a nonpackaged state, the food displayed.
(17) “Snack bar” means a counter with no seating at which prepared food is offered only for self-service.
(18) “Independent living facility” means a congregate living environment, however named, for profit or otherwise, that meets the definitions of housing complexes for older persons as enumerated in 9 V.S.A. § 4503(b) and (c), or housing programs designed to meet the needs of individuals with a disability as defined in 9 V.S.A. § 4501(2) and (3).
(19) “Vending machine” means a machine operated by coin, currency, credit card, slug, token, coupon, or similar device that dispenses food or beverages.
(20) “Booking agent” means a person who facilitates the rental of an occupancy and collects rent for an occupancy and who has the right, access, ability, or authority, through an Internet transaction or any other means, to offer, reserve, book, arrange for, remarket, distribute, broker, resell, or facilitate an occupancy that is subject to the tax under this chapter.
(21) “Taxable meal facilitator” means a person who facilitates the sale and collects the charge for a taxable meal or alcoholic beverage through an Internet transaction or any other means. (Added 1959, No. 217, § 3; amended 1963, No. 227, § 1; 1964, No. 15 (Sp. Sess.), § 1, eff. April 1, 1964; 1973, No. 42, §§ 1, 2; 1987, No. 113, § 1, eff. June 26, 1987; 1987, No. 247 (Adj. Sess.), §§ 3,4; 1989, No. 51, §§ 51, 51a, eff. June 1, 1989, No. 222 (Adj. Sess.), § 14, eff. May 31, 1990; 1991, No. 186 (Adj. Sess.), § 19, eff. May 7, 1992; 1993, No. 209 (Adj. Sess.), §§ 2-4; 1999, No. 49, § 60, eff. June 2, 1999; 2011, No. 143 (Adj. Sess.), §§ 59-61, eff. May 15, 2012; 2013, No. 96 (Adj. Sess.), § 198a; 2013, No. 174 (Adj. Sess.), § 20, eff. June 4, 2014; 2015, No. 57, § 88; 2015, No. 134 (Adj. Sess.), § 20, eff. May 25, 2016; 2015, No. 144 (Adj. Sess.), § 11; 2018, No. 10 (Sp. Sess.), § 2; 2019, No. 51, § 12; 2019, No. 71, § 7; 2019, No. 131 (Adj. Sess.), § 296; 2019, No. 164 (Adj. Sess.), § 17a, eff. March 1, 2022; 2021, No. 73, § 1, eff. Aug. 1, 2021; 2021, No. 73, § 2, eff. April 1, 2021; 2021, No. 105 (Adj. Sess.), § 581, eff. July 1, 2022.)