The Vermont Statutes Online
§ 8701. Uniform capacity tax
(a) As used in this section, the terms "energy storage facility," "kW," "kWh," "plant," "plant capacity," and "renewable energy" shall be as defined in 30 V.S.A. §§ 201(4) and 8002; provided, however, that any tax or exemption under this chapter shall only apply to the fixtures and personal property of a plant and not to the underlying land.
(b)(1) There is assessed on any renewable energy plant in Vermont commissioned to generate solar power an annual tax of $4.00 per kW of plant capacity.
(2) There is assessed on any stationary grid-connected energy storage facility in Vermont that has a plant energy rating of 600 kWh or larger and that is not connected to a renewable energy plant an annual tax of $0.50 per kWh of plant energy rating.
(3) The tax imposed under this section shall be paid to the Department of Taxes not later than April 15 of each year and accompanied by a return with such information as the Department of Taxes may require. The Department of Taxes shall deposit the taxes collected under this section into the Education Fund. The Department of Taxes may adopt procedures and rules necessary to implement the tax in this section.
(c) A renewable energy plant that generates electricity from solar power shall be exempt from taxation under this section if it has a plant capacity of less than 50kW. An energy storage facility shall be exempt from taxation under this section if it has a plant energy rating of less than 600 kWh.
(d) The existence of a renewable energy plant or energy storage facility subject to tax under subsection (b) of this section shall not:
(1) alter the exempt status of any underlying property under section 3802 or subdivision 5401(10)(F) of this title; or
(2) alter the taxation of the underlying property under chapter 135 of this title. (Added 2011, No. 127 (Adj. Sess.), § 1, eff. Jan. 1, 2013; amended 2013, No. 73, § 41, eff. June 5, 2013; 2013, No. 174 (Adj. Sess.), § 29, eff. Jan. 1, 2015; 2021, No. 54, § 16.)