The Vermont Statutes Online
Title 21 : Labor
Chapter 005 : EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES
Subchapter 006 : FAIR EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES(Cite as: 21 V.S.A. § 495j)
§ 495j. Criminal history records; employment applications
(a) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, an employer shall not request criminal history record information on its initial employee application form. An employer may inquire about a prospective employee’s criminal history record during an interview or once the prospective employee has been deemed otherwise qualified for the position.
(b)(1) An employer may inquire about criminal convictions on an initial employee application form if the following conditions are met:
(A)(i) the prospective employee is applying for a position for which any federal or State law or regulation creates a mandatory or presumptive disqualification based on a conviction for one or more types of criminal offenses; or
(ii) the employer or an affiliate of the employer is subject to an obligation imposed by any federal or State law or regulation not to employ an individual, in either one or more positions, who has been convicted of one or more types of criminal offenses; and
(B) the questions on the application form are limited to the types of criminal offenses creating the disqualification or obligation.
(2) An employer shall be permitted to inquire about criminal convictions on an initial employee application form pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection even if the federal or State law or regulation creating an obligation for the employer or its affiliate not to employ an individual who has been convicted of one or more types of criminal offenses also permits the employer or its affiliate to obtain a waiver that would allow the employer or its affiliate to employ such an individual.
(c) If an employer inquires about a prospective employee’s criminal history record information, the prospective employee, if still eligible for the position under applicable federal or State law, must be afforded an opportunity to explain the information and the circumstances regarding any convictions, including postconviction rehabilitation.
(d) An employer who violates the provisions of this section shall be assessed a civil penalty of up to $100.00 for each violation.
(e) As used in this section:
(1) “Criminal history record” has the same meaning as set forth in 20 V.S.A. § 2056a.
(2) “Employee” has the same meaning as set forth in section 495d of this chapter.
(3) “Employer” has the same meaning as set forth in section 495d of this chapter. (Added 2015, No. 81 (Adj. Sess.), § 1, eff. July 1, 2017.)