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Searching 2021-2022 Session

The Vermont Statutes Online

 

Title 8 : Banking and Insurance

Chapter 073 : LICENSED LENDERS, MORTGAGE BROKERS, MORTGAGE LOAN ORIGINATORS, SALES FINANCE COMPANIES, AND LOAN SOLICITATION COMPANIES

(Cite as: 8 V.S.A. § 2200)
  • § 2200. Definitions

    As used in this chapter:

    (1)(A) "Employee" means, subject to subdivision (B) of this subdivision (1), an individual whose manner and means of work are subject to the right of control of, or are controlled by a person and whose compensation for federal income tax purposes is reported, or required to be reported, on a W-2 form issued by:

    (i) the controlling person;

    (ii) an entity that directly or indirectly owns 100 percent of the controlling person; or

    (iii) an entity that is directly or indirectly 100 percent owned by the same parent company as the controlling person.

    (B) For purposes of a registered mortgage loan originator, the term "employee" has such binding definition as may be issued by the federal banking agencies in connection with their responsibilities under the federal Secure and Fair Enforcement for Mortgage Licensing Act of 2008.

    (2) "Engage in the business of a mortgage loan originator" means to act as, or to hold oneself out as acting as, or to represent to the public that one can provide the services of, a mortgage loan originator, in a commercial context, and with some degree of habitualness or repetition. Habitualness or repetition is met if either the individual who acts as a mortgage loan originator does so with a degree of habitualness or repetition or the source of the prospective financing provides such financing or performs other phases of origination of residential mortgage loans with a degree of habitualness or repetition. Acting in a commercial context is met if either the individual or an entity for which the individual acts does so for the purpose of obtaining profit rather than exclusively for governmental or family purposes.

    (3) "Housing finance agency" means any authority:

    (A) that is chartered by a state to help meet the affordable housing needs of the residents of the state;

    (B) that is supervised directly or indirectly by the state government;

    (C) that is subject to audit and review by the state in which it operates; and

    (D) whose activities make it eligible to be a member of the National Council of State Housing Agencies.

    (4) "Lead" means any information identifying a potential consumer of a loan.

    (5) "Lead generation" means to:

    (A) initiate consumer interest or inquiry in a loan by online marketing, direct response advertising, telemarketing, or other similar consumer contact;

    (B) engage in the business of selling leads for loans;

    (C) generate or augment leads for other persons for, or with the expectation of, compensation or gain; or

    (D) refer Vermont borrowers to other persons for loans for, or with the expectation of, compensation or gain.

    (6) "Loan processor or underwriter" means an individual who performs clerical or support duties as an employee at the direction and subject to the supervision and instruction of a person licensed, or exempt from licensing, under this chapter.

    (A) For purposes of this subdivision (6), the term "clerical or support duties" may include, subsequent to the receipt of a residential mortgage loan application:

    (i) the receipt, collection, distribution, and analysis of information common for the processing or underwriting of a residential mortgage loan; and

    (ii) communicating with a consumer to obtain the information necessary for the processing or underwriting of a loan, to the extent that such communication does not include offering or negotiating loan rates or terms, or counseling consumers about residential mortgage loan rates or terms.

    (B) An individual engaging solely in loan processor or underwriter activities shall not represent to the public, through advertising or other means of communicating or providing information, including the use of business cards, stationery, brochures, signs, rate lists, or other promotional items, that such individual can or will perform any of the activities of a mortgage loan originator.

    (7)(A) "Loan solicitation" means, for compensation or gain or with the expectation of compensation or gain, to:

    (i) offer, solicit, broker, directly or indirectly arrange, place, or find a loan for a prospective Vermont borrower;

    (ii) engage in any activity intended to assist a prospective Vermont borrower in obtaining a loan, including lead generation;

    (iii) arrange, in whole or in part, a loan through a third party, regardless of whether approval, acceptance, or ratification by the third party is necessary to create a legal obligation for the third party, through any method, including mail, telephone, Internet, or any electronic means; or

    (iv) represent to the public through advertising or other means of communicating or providing information, including the use of business cards, stationery, brochures, signs, rate lists, or other promotional items, that a person can or will provide a loan or any of the services described in subdivisions (i)-(iii) of this subdivision (7)(A).

    (B) As used in this subdivision (7), "loan solicitation" does not:

    (i) apply to residential mortgage loans;

    (ii) include a broker-dealer registered or exempt from registration under 9 V.S.A. § 5401 when the broker-dealer provides the services described in subdivision (A) of this subdivision (7) and the broker-dealer is not compensated by the consumer for those services;

    (iii) include an agent registered or exempt from registration under 9 V.S.A. § 5402 when the agent provides the services described in subdivision (A) of this subdivision (7) and the individual agent is not compensated by the consumer for those services;

    (iv) include an insurance producer licensed under 8 V.S.A. § 4800 when the insurance producer provides the services described in subdivision (A) of this subdivision (7) and the individual insurance producer is not compensated by the consumer for those services;

    (v) include a seller of goods or services that provides the services described in subdivision (A) of this subdivision (7) in connection with financing the sale or proposed sale of the seller's goods or services and the seller is not compensated by the consumer for the services described in subdivision (A) of this subdivision (7); or

    (vi) include other categories of loans or service providers as determined by the Commissioner by rule or order.

    (8) "Mortgage broker" means any person who for compensation or gain, or in the expectation of compensation or gain, directly or indirectly negotiates, places, assists in placement, or finds, or offers to negotiate, place, assist in placement, or find mortgage loans, other than commercial loans, on real property for others. The term shall not include real estate brokers or salespersons, as defined in 26 V.S.A. § 2211, who in connection with services performed in a prospective real estate transaction, provide mortgage information or assistance to a buyer, if such real estate broker or real estate salesperson is not compensated for providing such mortgage information or assistance in addition to the compensation received from the seller or buyer for such real estate brokerage activity. The term shall not include attorneys licensed to practice law in this State acting in their professional capacity. The term shall not include persons engaged in the foregoing activities solely in connection with the sale, assignment, or other transfer of one or more previously originated loans.

    (9) "Mortgage loan originator":

    (A) Means an individual who for compensation or gain or in the expectation of compensation or gain:

    (i) takes a residential mortgage loan application;

    (ii) offers or negotiates terms of a residential mortgage loan;

    (iii) represents to the public, through advertising or other means of communicating or providing information, including the use of business cards, stationery, brochures, signs, rate lists, or other promotional items, that such individual can or will perform the services described in subdivision (i) or (ii) of this subdivision (9)(A).

    (B) An individual "takes a residential mortgage loan application" if the individual receives a residential mortgage loan application for the purpose of facilitating a decision whether to extend an offer of residential mortgage loan terms to a borrower or prospective borrower, or to accept the terms offered by a borrower or prospective borrower in response to a solicitation, whether the application is received directly or indirectly from the borrower or prospective borrower.

    (C) An individual "offers or negotiates terms of a residential mortgage loan for compensation or gain" if the individual:

    (i)(I) presents for consideration by a borrower or prospective borrower particular residential mortgage loan terms;

    (II) communicates directly or indirectly with a borrower or prospective borrower for the purpose of reaching a mutual understanding about prospective residential mortgage loan terms; or

    (III) recommends, refers, or steers a borrower or prospective borrower to a particular lender or set of residential mortgage loan terms, in accordance with a duty to or incentive from any person other than the borrower or prospective borrower; and

    (ii) receives or expects to receive payment of money or anything of value in connection with the activities described in subdivision (i) of this subdivision (9)(C) or as a result of any residential mortgage loan terms entered into as a result of such activities.

    (D) Does not include:

    (i) an individual engaged solely as a loan processor or underwriter, except as otherwise provided in subsection 2201(g) of this chapter;

    (ii) a person or entity that only performs real estate brokerage activities and is licensed or registered in accordance with Vermont law, unless the person or entity is compensated by a buyer or a seller in addition to the compensation received for such real estate brokerage activity or is compensated by a lender, mortgage broker, or other mortgage loan originator or by any agent of such lender, mortgage broker, or other mortgage loan originator; or

    (iii) a person or entity solely involved in extensions of credit relating to timeshare plans, as that term is defined in 11 U.S.C. § 101(53D).

    (10) "Nontraditional mortgage product" means any mortgage product other than a 30-year fixed rate mortgage.

    (11) "Real estate brokerage activity" means any activity that involves offering or providing real estate brokerage services to the public, including:

    (A) acting as a real estate agent or real estate broker for a buyer, seller, lessor, or lessee of real property;

    (B) bringing together parties interested in the sale, purchase, lease, rental, or exchange of real property;

    (C) negotiating, on behalf of any party, any portion of a contract relating to the sale, purchase, lease, rental, or exchange of real property,other than in connection with providing financing with respect to any such transaction;

    (D) engaging in any activity for which a person engaged in the activity is required to be registered or licensed as a real estate agent or real estate broker under any applicable law; and

    (E) offering to engage in any activity or act in any capacity described in subdivision (A), (B), (C), or (D) of this subdivision (11).

    (12) "Registered mortgage loan originator" means any individual who:

    (A) meets the definition of mortgage loan originator and is an employee of:

    (i) a depository institution;

    (ii) a subsidiary that is:

    (I) owned and controlled by a depository institution, as determined by a federal banking agency; and

    (II) regulated by a federal banking agency; or

    (iii) an institution regulated by the Farm Credit Administration; and

    (B) is registered with, and maintains a unique identifier through, the Nationwide Multistate Licensing System and Registry.

    (13) "Residential mortgage loan application" means a request, in any form, for an offer, or a response to a solicitation of an offer, of residential mortgage loan terms, and information about the borrower or prospective borrower that is customary or necessary in a decision on whether to make such an offer.

    (14) "Sales finance company" means any person who has purchased one or more retail installment contracts, as defined in 9 V.S.A. §§ 2351(5) and 2401(7), from one or more retail sellers located in this State. Taking one or more retail installment contracts as security for a loan or loans shall not be construed as purchasing for purposes of this definition. (Added 1995, No. 162 (Adj. Sess.), § 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1997; amended 1995, No. 180 (Adj. Sess.), § 38(a); 1997, No. 98 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. April 16, 1998; 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 11, eff. Jan. 1, 2001; 2009, No. 29, § 1; 2009, No. 134 (Adj. Sess.), § 24a; 2011, No. 78 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. April 2, 2012; 2011, No. 85 (Adj. Sess.), § 1, eff. April 20, 2012; 2013, No. 34, § 3; 2015, No. 128 (Adj. Sess.), § F.3, eff. May 24, 2016; 2017, No. 22, § 18, eff. May 4, 2017; 2019, No. 20, § 3.)