The Vermont Statutes Online
§ 5412. Reduction of listed value and recalculation of education tax liability
(a)(1) If a listed value is reduced as the result of an appeal or court action made pursuant to section 4461 of this title, a municipality may submit a request for the Director of Property Valuation and Review to recalculate its education property tax liability for the education grand list value lost due to a determination, declaratory judgment, or settlement. The Director shall recalculate the municipality's education property tax liability for each year at issue, in accord with the reduced valuation, provided that:
(A) The reduction in valuation is the result of an appeal under chapter 131 of this title to the Director of Property Valuation and Review or to a court, with no further appeal available with regard to that valuation, or any judicial decision with no further right of appeal, or a settlement of either an appeal or court action if the Director determines that the settlement value is the fair market value of the parcel.
(B) The municipality submits the request on or before January 15 for a request involving an appeal or court action resolved within the previous calendar year.
(D) The Director determines that the municipality's actions were consistent with best practices published by the Property Valuation and Review in consultation with the Vermont Assessors and Listers Association. The municipality shall have the burden of showing that its actions were consistent with the Director's best practices.
(2) A determination of the Director made under subdivision (1) of this subsection may be appealed within 30 days by an aggrieved municipality to the Commissioner for a hearing to be held in accordance with 3 V.S.A. §§ 809-813. The Commissioner's determination may be further appealed to Superior Court, which shall review the Commissioner's determination using the record that was before the Commissioner. The Commissioner's determination may only be overturned for abuse of discretion.
(3) Upon the Director's request, a municipality submitting a request under subdivision (1) of this subsection shall include a copy of the agreement, determination or final order, and any other documentation necessary to show the existence of these conditions.
(b) To the extent that the municipality has paid that liability, the Director shall allow a credit for any reduction in education tax liability against the next ensuing year's education tax liability.
(c) If a listed value is increased as the result of an appeal under chapter 131 of this title or court action, whether adjudicated or settled and the Director determines that the settlement value is the fair market value of the parcel, with no further appeal available with regard to that valuation, the Director shall recalculate the municipality's education property tax for each year at issue, in accord with the increased valuation, and shall assess the municipality for the additional tax at the same time the Director assesses the municipality's education tax liability for the next ensuing year, unless the resulting assessment would be less than $300.00. Payment under this section shall be due with the municipality's education tax liability for the next ensuing year.
(d) Recalculation of education property tax under this section shall have no effect other than to reimburse or assess a municipality for education property tax changes that result from property revaluation.
(e) A reduction made under this section shall be an amount equal to the loss in education grand list value multiplied by the tax rate applicable to the subject property in the year the request is submitted. However, the total amount for all reductions made under this section in one year shall not exceed $100,000.00. If total reductions for a calendar year would exceed this amount, the Director shall instead prorate the reductions proportionally among all municipalities eligible for a reduction so that total reductions equal $100,00.00.
(f) Prior to the issuance of a final administrative determination or judicial order, a municipality may request that the Director certify that best practices were followed for purposes of meeting the requirements of subdivision (a)(1)(D) of this section. The Director may choose to grant certification, deny certification, or refrain from a decision until a request is submitted under subdivision (a)(1) of this section. The Director shall consider the potential impact on the Education Fund, the unique character of the subject property or properties, and any extraordinary circumstances when deciding whether to grant certification under this subsection. The Director shall be bound by a decision to grant certification unless the municipality agrees to a settlement after such certification was made. (Added 2001, No. 63, § 279, eff. June 16, 2001; amended 2007, No. 65, § 393, eff. June 4, 2007; 2007, No. 190 (Adj. Sess.), § 13, eff. June 6, 2008; 2017, No. 11, § 60; 2017, No. 73, § 27, eff. June 13, 2017; 2018, No. 8 (Sp. Sess.), § 9, eff. June 28, 2018.)