Skip to navigation Skip to content Skip to subnav
Searching 2021-2022 Session

The Vermont Statutes Online


Title 26 : Professions and Occupations



(Cite as: 26 V.S.A. § 5304)
  • § 5304. Definitions

    As used in this chapter:

    (1) "Acknowledgment" means a declaration by an individual before a notary public that the individual has signed a record for the purpose stated in the record and, if the record is signed in a representative capacity, that the individual signed the record with proper authority and signed it as the act of the individual or entity identified in the record.

    (2) "Certificate" or "notarial certificate" means the part of, or attachment to, a notarized document that is completed by a notary public, bears the required information set forth in section 5367 of this chapter, and states the facts attested to or certified by the notary public in a particular notarization.

    (3) "Commission term" means the two-year period commencing on February 1 and continuing through January 31 of the second year following the commencement of the term.

    (4) "Electronic" means relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities.

    (5) "Electronic signature" means an electronic symbol, sound, or process attached to or logically associated with a record and executed or adopted by an individual with the intent to sign the record.

    (6) "In a representative capacity" means acting as:

    (A) an authorized officer, agent, partner, trustee, or other representative for a person other than an individual;

    (B) a public officer, personal representative, guardian, administrator, executor, trustee, or other representative, in the capacity stated in a record;

    (C) an agent or attorney-in-fact for a principal; or

    (D) an authorized representative of another in any other capacity.

    (7)(A) "Notarial act" means an act, whether performed with respect to a tangible or an electronic record, that a notary public may perform under the law of this State. The term includes taking an acknowledgment, administering an oath or affirmation, taking a verification on oath or affirmation, attesting a signature, and noting a protest of a negotiable instrument.

    (B) "Notarial act" does not include a corporate officer attesting to another corporate officer's signature in the ordinary course of the corporation's business.

    (C) Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to require the use of a notary public to witness a signature that is allowed by law to be witnessed by an individual who is not a notary public.

    (8) "Notarial officer" means an individual authorized to perform a notarial act under authority and within the jurisdiction of another state, under authority and within the jurisdiction of a federally recognized Indian tribe, under authority of federal law, under authority and within the jurisdiction of a foreign state or constituent unit of the foreign state, or under authority of a multinational or international governmental organization.

    (9) "Notary public" means an individual commissioned to perform a notarial act by the Office.

    (10) "Office" means the Office of Professional Regulation within the Office of the Secretary of State.

    (11) "Official stamp" means a physical image affixed to or embossed on a tangible record or an electronic process, seal, or image or electronic information attached to or logically associated with an electronic record.

    (12) "Person" means an individual, corporation, business trust, statutory trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, public corporation, government or governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity.

    (13) "Record" means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form.

    (14) "Sign" means, with present intent to authenticate or adopt a record:

    (A) to execute or adopt a tangible symbol; or

    (B) to attach to or logically associate with the record an electronic symbol, sound, or process.

    (15) "Signature" means a tangible symbol or an electronic signature that evidences the signing of a record.

    (16) "Stamping device" means:

    (A) a physical device capable of affixing to or embossing on a tangible record an official stamp; or

    (B) an electronic device or process capable of attaching to or logically associating with an electronic record an official stamp.

    (17) "State" means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.

    (18) "Verification on oath or affirmation" means a declaration, made by an individual on oath or affirmation before a notary public, that a statement in a record is true. (Added 2017, No. 160 (Adj. Sess.), § 1, eff. July 1, 2019; amended 2019, No. 30, § 27.)