The Vermont Statutes Online
The Vermont Statutes Online have been updated to include the actions of the 2023 session of the General Assembly.
NOTE: The Vermont Statutes Online is an unofficial copy of the Vermont Statutes Annotated that is provided as a convenience.
Subchapter 004A : Parental and Family Leave(Cite as: 21 V.S.A. § 472c)
§ 472c. Leave; alleged crime victims; relief from stalking or abuse
(a) As used in this section:
(1)(A) “Alleged victim” means a person who is alleged in an affidavit filed by a law enforcement official with a prosecuting attorney of competent state or federal jurisdiction to have sustained physical, emotional, or financial injury or death as a direct result of the commission or attempted commission of a crime or act of delinquency. The term “alleged victim” also includes a family member of such a person if the person:
(i) is a minor;
(ii) has been found to be incompetent;
(iii) is alleged to have suffered physical or emotional injury as a result of the violent crime or act of delinquency; or
(iv) was killed as a result of the alleged crime or act of delinquency.
(B) As used in this subdivision (a)(1):
(i) “Family member” means an individual who is not identified in the affidavit as the defendant and is the alleged victim’s:
(I) child, foster child, or stepchild;
(II) ward who lives with the alleged victim;
(III) spouse, domestic partner, or civil union partner;
(VII) parent or a parent of the alleged victim’s spouse, domestic partner, or civil union partner;
(VIII) legal guardian; or
(IX) an individual for whom the alleged victim stands in loco parentis or who stood in loco parentis for the alleged victim when the alleged victim was a child.
(ii) “Domestic partner” has the same meaning as in 17 V.S.A. § 2414.
(iii) “In loco parentis” means an individual for whom the alleged victim has day-to-day responsibilities to care for and financially support, or, in the case of the alleged victim, an individual who had such responsibility for the alleged victim when the alleged victim was a child.
(iv) “Violent crime” means a “listed crime” as that term is defined in 13 V.S.A. § 5301(7) and any comparable offense in another jurisdiction.
(2) “Employer” means an individual, organization, governmental body, partnership, association, corporation, legal representative, trustee, receiver, trustee in bankruptcy, and any common carrier by rail, motor, water, air, or express company doing business in or operating within this State.
(3) “Employee” means a person who, in consideration of direct or indirect gain or profit, has been continuously employed by the same employer for a period of six months for an average of at least 20 hours per week.
(b) In addition to the leave provided in section 472 of this title, an employee shall be entitled to take unpaid leave from employment for the purpose of attending a deposition or court proceeding related to:
(1) a criminal proceeding, when the employee is an alleged victim and the employee has a right or obligation to appear at the proceeding;
(2) a relief from abuse hearing pursuant to 15 V.S.A. § 1103, when the employee seeks the order as plaintiff;
(3) a hearing concerning an order against stalking or sexual assault pursuant to 12 V.S.A. § 5133, when the employee seeks the order as plaintiff; or
(4) a relief from abuse, neglect, or exploitation hearing pursuant to 33 V.S.A. chapter 69, when the employee is the plaintiff.
(c) During the leave, at the employee’s option, the employee may use accrued sick leave, vacation leave, or any other accrued paid leave. Use of accrued paid leave shall not extend the leave provided pursuant to this section.
(d) The employer shall continue employment benefits for the duration of the leave at the level and under the conditions coverage would be provided if the employee continued in employment continuously for the duration of the leave. The employer may require that the employee contribute to the cost of benefits during the leave at the existing rate of employee contribution.
(e) The employer shall post and maintain in a conspicuous place in and about each of its places of business printed notices of the provisions of this section on forms provided by the Commissioner of Labor.
(f)(1) Upon return from leave taken under this section, an employee shall be offered the same or comparable job at the same level of compensation, employment benefits, seniority, or any other term or condition of the employment existing on the day leave began.
(2) This subsection shall not apply if, prior to requesting leave, the employee had been given notice or had given notice that the employment would terminate.
(3) This subsection shall not apply if the employer can demonstrate by clear and convincing evidence that during the period of leave the employee’s job would have been terminated or the employee would have been laid off for reasons unrelated to the leave or the condition for which the leave was granted.
(g) An employer may adopt a leave policy more generous than the leave provided by this section. Nothing in this section shall be construed to diminish an employer’s obligation to comply with any collective bargaining agreement or any employment benefit program or plan that provides greater leave rights than the rights provided by this section. A collective bargaining agreement or employment benefit program or plan shall not diminish rights provided by this section. Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, an employee may, at the time a need for leave arises, waive some or all of the rights under this section, provided that the waiver is informed and voluntary and that any changes in conditions of employment related to the waiver shall be mutually agreed upon between the employer and the employee.
(h) Subsection (b) of this section shall not apply to an employer that provides goods or services to the general public if the employee’s absence would require the employer to suspend all business operations at a location that is open to the general public. (Added 2017, No. 184 (Adj. Sess.), § 3; amended 2021, No. 136 (Adj. Sess.), § 1, eff. May 24, 2022.)