The Vermont Statutes Online
Subchapter 001 : General Provisions(Cite as: 20 V.S.A. § 2367)
§ 2367. Statewide policy; electronic control devices; reporting
(a) As used in this section:
(1) "Electronic control device" means a device primarily designed to disrupt an individual's central nervous system by means of deploying electrical energy sufficient to cause uncontrolled muscle contractions and override an individual's voluntary motor responses.
(2) "Law enforcement officer" means a sheriff, deputy sheriff, police officer, Capitol Police officer, State game warden, State Police officer, constable who exercises law enforcement authority pursuant to 24 V.S.A. § 1936a and who is trained in compliance with section 2358 of this title, and a certified law enforcement officer employed by a State branch, agency, or department, including the Department of Motor Vehicles, the Agency of Natural Resources, the Office of the Attorney General, the Department of State's Attorney, the Secretary of State, and the Department of Liquor and Lottery.
(b) On or before January 1, 2015, the Law Enforcement Advisory Board shall establish a statewide policy on the use of and training requirements for the use of electronic control devices. Prior to any use of or intent to use an electronic control device, every State, county, municipal, or other law enforcement agency and every constable who is not employed by a law enforcement agency shall adopt this policy. If a law enforcement agency or officer was required to adopt a policy pursuant to this subsection but failed to do so on or before January 1, 2016, that agency or officer shall be deemed to have adopted, and shall follow and enforce, the model policy established by the Law Enforcement Advisory Board. The policy shall include the following provisions:
(1) Electronic control devices are less-lethal, but not necessarily nonlethal, alternatives to lethal force.
(2) Officers may deploy an electronic control device only:
(A) against subjects who are exhibiting active aggression or who are actively resisting in a manner that, in the officer's judgment, is likely to result in injuries to others or themselves; or
(B) if, without further action or intervention by the officer, injuries to the subject or others will likely occur.
(3) Neither an officer, a subject, or a third party has actually to suffer an injury before an officer is permitted to use an electronic control device, and officers are not required to use alternatives that increase the danger to the public or themselves.
(4) When it is safe to do so, officers shall attempt to de-escalate situations and shall provide a warning prior to deploying an electronic control device.
(5) Electronic control devices shall not be used in a punitive or coercive manner and shall not be used to awaken, escort, or gain compliance from passively resisting subjects. The act of fleeing or of destroying evidence, in and of itself, does not justify the use of an electronic control device.
(6) The use of electronic control devices shall comply with all recommendations by manufacturers for the reduction of risk of injury to subjects, including situations where a subject's physical susceptibilities are known.
(7) Electronic control devices shall be used in a manner that recognizes the potential additional risks that can result from situations:
(A) involving persons who are in an emotional crisis that may interfere with their ability to understand the consequences of their actions or to follow directions;
(B) involving persons with disabilities whose disability may impact their ability to communicate with an officer, or respond to an officer's directions; and
(C) involving higher risk populations that may be more susceptible to injury as a result of electronic control devices.
(8) Electronic control devices shall not be used on animals unless necessary to deter vicious or aggressive behavior that threatens the safety of officers or others.
(c) The Criminal Justice Council shall adopt rules and develop training to ensure that the policies and standards of this section are met. The Criminal Justice Council shall ensure that a law enforcement officer receives appropriate and sufficient training before becoming authorized to carry or use an electronic control device.
(d) On or before June 30, 2017, every State, county, municipal, or other law enforcement agency that employs one or more certified law enforcement officers shall ensure that all officers have completed the training established in 2004 Acts and Resolves No. 80, Sec. 13(a), and every constable who is not employed by a law enforcement agency shall have completed this training.
(e) The Criminal Justice Council shall coordinate training initiatives with the Department of Mental Health related to law enforcement interventions, training for joint law enforcement and mental health crisis team responses, and enhanced capacity for mental health emergency responses.
(f) Every State, county, municipal, or other law enforcement agency and every constable who is not employed by a law enforcement agency shall report all incidents involving the use of an electronic control device to the Criminal Justice Council in a form to be determined by the Council.
(g) The Law Enforcement Advisory Board shall:
(1) study and make recommendations as to whether officers authorized to carry electronic control devices should be required to wear body cameras; and
(2) establish a policy on the calibration and testing of electronic control devices.
(3), (4) [Repealed.] (Added 2013, No. 180 (Adj. Sess.), § 1, eff. June 10, 2014; amended 2015, No. 118 (Adj. Sess.), § 5, eff. May 23, 2016; 2019, No. 73, § 32.)