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Searching 2021-2022 Session

The Vermont Statutes Online

 

Title 18 : Health

Chapter 084 : POSSESSION AND CONTROL OF REGULATED DRUGS

Subchapter 001 : Regulated Drugs

(Cite as: 18 V.S.A. § 4230)
  • § 4230. Cannabis

    (a) Possession and cultivation.

    (1) No person shall knowingly and unlawfully possess more than one ounce of cannabis or more than five grams of hashish or cultivate more than two mature cannabis plants or four immature cannabis plants. A person who violates this subdivision shall be assessed a civil penalty as follows:

    (A) not more than $100.00 for a first offense;

    (B) not more than $200.00 for a second offense; and

    (C) not more than $500.00 for a third or subsequent offense.

    (2)(A) No person shall knowingly and unlawfully possess two ounces or more of cannabis or ten grams or more of hashish or more than three mature cannabis plants or six immature cannabis plants. For a first offense under this subdivision (2), a person shall be provided the opportunity to participate in the Court Diversion Program unless the prosecutor states on the record why a referral to the Court Diversion Program would not serve the ends of justice. A person convicted of a first offense under this subdivision shall be imprisoned not more than six months or fined not more than $500.00, or both.

    (B) A person convicted of a second or subsequent offense of violating subdivision (a)(2)(A) of this section shall be imprisoned not more than two years or fined not more than $2,000.00, or both.

    (C) Upon an adjudication of guilt for a first or second offense under this subdivision, the court may defer sentencing as provided in 13 V.S.A. § 7041, except that the court may in its discretion defer sentence without the filing of a presentence investigation report and except that sentence may be imposed at any time within two years from and after the date of entry of deferment. The court may, prior to sentencing, order that the defendant submit to a drug assessment screening, which may be considered at sentencing in the same manner as a presentence report.

    (3) A person knowingly and unlawfully possessing eight ounces of cannabis or 1.4 ounces of hashish or knowingly and unlawfully cultivating more than four mature cannabis plants or eight immature cannabis plants shall be imprisoned not more than three years or fined not more than $10,000.00, or both.

    (4) A person knowingly and unlawfully possessing more than one pound of cannabis or more than 2.8 ounces of hashish or knowingly and unlawfully cultivating more than six mature cannabis plants or 12 immature cannabis plants shall be imprisoned not more than five years or fined not more than $10,000.00, or both.

    (5) A person knowingly and unlawfully possessing more than 10 pounds of cannabis or more than one pound of hashish or knowingly and unlawfully cultivating more than 12 mature cannabis plants or 24 immature cannabis plants shall be imprisoned not more than 15 years or fined not more than $500,000.00, or both.

    (6) If a court fails to provide the defendant with notice of collateral consequences in accordance with 13 V.S.A. § 8005(b) and the defendant later at any time shows that the plea and conviction for a violation of this subsection may have or has had a negative consequence, the court, upon the defendant's motion, shall vacate the judgment and permit the defendant to withdraw the plea or admission and enter a plea of not guilty. Failure of the court to advise the defendant of a particular collateral consequence shall not support a motion to vacate.

    (7) The amounts of cannabis in this subsection shall not include cannabis cultivated, harvested, and stored in accordance with section 4230e of this title.

    (b) Selling or dispensing.

    (1) A person knowingly and unlawfully selling cannabis or hashish shall be imprisoned not more than two years or fined not more than $10,000.00, or both.

    (2) A person knowingly and unlawfully selling or dispensing more than one ounce of cannabis or five grams or more of hashish shall be imprisoned not more than five years or fined not more than $100,000.00, or both.

    (3) A person knowingly and unlawfully selling or dispensing one pound or more of cannabis or 2.8 ounces or more of hashish shall be imprisoned not more than 15 years or fined not more than $500,000.00, or both.

    (4) A person 21 years of age or older may dispense one ounce or less of cannabis or five grams or less of hashish to another person who is 21 years of age or older provided that the dispensing is not advertised or promoted to the public.

    (c) Trafficking. A person knowingly and unlawfully possessing 50 pounds or more of cannabis or five pounds or more of hashish with the intent to sell or dispense the cannabis or hashish shall be imprisoned not more than 30 years or fined not more than $1,000,000.00, or both. There shall be a permissive inference that a person who possesses 50 pounds or more of cannabis or five pounds or more of hashish intends to sell or dispense the cannabis or hashish.

    (d) Only the portion of a cannabis-infused product that is attributable to cannabis shall count toward the possession limits of this section. The weight of cannabis that is attributable to cannabis-infused products shall be determined according to methods set forth in rule by the Department of Public Safety in accordance with chapter 86 of this title (therapeutic use of cannabis). (Added 1989, No. 100, § 1; amended 2001, No. 52, § 3; 2003, No. 54, § 4; 2013, No. 75, §§ 22d, 22e, eff. July 2, 2013; 2013, No. 76, § 1; 2015, No. 133 (Adj. Sess.), § 7, eff. May 25, 2016; 2017, No. 74, § 27; 2017, No. 86 (Adj. Sess.), § 3; 2019, No. 164 (Adj. Sess.), § 31, eff. Oct. 7, 2020; 2019, No. 167 (Adj. Sess.), § 32, eff. Jan. 1, 2021.)