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Searching 2021-2022 Session

The Vermont Statutes Online

 

Title 18 : Health

Chapter 038A : CHEMICALS OF HIGH CONCERN TO CHILDREN

(Cite as: 18 V.S.A. § 1772)
  • § 1772. Definitions

    As used in this chapter:

    (1) "Aircraft" shall have the same meaning as in 5 V.S.A. § 202.

    (2) "Chemical" means a substance with a distinct molecular composition or a group of structurally related substances and includes the breakdown products of the substance or substances that form through decomposition, degradation, or metabolism. "Chemical" shall not mean crystalline silica in any form, as derived from ordinary sand or as present as a naturally occurring component of any other mineral raw material, including granite, gravel, limestone, marble, slate, soapstone, and talc.

    (3) "Chemical of high concern to children" means a chemical listed under section 1773 or designated by the Department as a chemical of high concern by rule under section 1776 of this title.

    (4) "Child" or "children" means an individual or individuals under 12 years of age.

    (5) "Children's cosmetics" means cosmetics that are made for, marketed for use by, or marketed to children. "Children's cosmetics" includes cosmetics that meet any of the following conditions:

    (A) are represented in its packaging, display, or advertising as appropriate for use by children;

    (B) are sold in conjunction with, attached to, or packaged together with other products that are packaged, displayed, or advertised as appropriate for use by children; or

    (C) are sold in any of the following:

    (i) a retail store, catalogue, or online website, in which a person exclusively offers for sale consumer products that are packaged, displayed, or advertised as appropriate for use by children; or

    (ii) a discrete portion of a retail store, catalogue, or online website, in which a person offers for sale products that are packaged, displayed, or advertised as appropriate for use by children.

    (6) "Children's jewelry" means jewelry that is made for, marketed for use by, or marketed to children and shall include jewelry that meets any of the following conditions:

    (A) is represented in its packaging, display, or advertising as appropriate for use by children;

    (B) is sold in conjunction with, attached to, or packaged together with other products that are packaged, displayed, or advertised as appropriate for use by children;

    (C) is sized for children and not intended for use by adults; or

    (D) is sold in any of the following:

    (i) a vending machine;

    (ii) a retail store, catalogue, or online website, in which a person exclusively offers for sale products that are packaged, displayed, or advertised as appropriate for use by children; or

    (iii) a discrete portion of a retail store, catalogue, or online website, in which a person offers for sale products that are packaged, displayed, or advertised as appropriate for use by children.

    (7)(A) "Children's product" means any consumer product, marketed for use by, marketed to, sold, offered for sale, or distributed to children in the State of Vermont, including:

    (i) toys;

    (ii) children's cosmetics;

    (iii) children's jewelry;

    (iv) a product designed or intended by the manufacturer to help a child with sucking or teething, to facilitate sleep, relaxation, or the feeding of a child, or to be worn as clothing by children; or

    (v) child car seats.

    (B) "Children's product" shall not mean or include the following:

    (i) batteries;

    (ii) snow sporting equipment, including skis, poles, boots, snowboards, sleds, and bindings;

    (iii) inaccessible components of a consumer product that during reasonably foreseeable use and abuse of the consumer product would not come into direct contact with a child's skin or mouth; and

    (iv) used consumer products that are sold in second-hand product markets.

    (8) "Consumer product" means any product that is regularly used or purchased to be used for personal, family, or household purposes. "Consumer product" shall not mean:

    (A) a product primarily used or purchased for industrial or business use that does not enter the consumer product market or is not otherwise sold at retail;

    (B) a food or beverage or an additive to a food or beverage;

    (C) a tobacco product;

    (D) a pesticide regulated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency;

    (E) a drug, or biologic regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), or the packaging of a drug, or biologic that is regulated by the FDA, including over the counter drugs, prescription drugs, dietary supplements, medical devices, or products that are both a cosmetic and a drug regulated by the FDA;

    (F) ammunition or components thereof, firearms, air rifles, hunting or fishing equipment or components thereof;

    (G) an aircraft, motor vehicle, wheelchair, or vessel;

    (H) consumer electronic products, including personal computers, audio and video equipment, calculators, wireless telephones, game consoles, and hand-held devices incorporating a video screen used to access interactive software intended for leisure and entertainment and their associated peripherals;

    (I) interactive software, intended for leisure and entertainment, such as computer games, and their storage media, such as compact discs; or

    (J) the packaging in which a product is sold, offered for sale, or distributed.

    (9) "Contaminant" means a trace amount of a chemical or chemicals that is incidental to manufacturing and serves no intended function in the children's product or component of the children's product, including an unintended by-product of chemical reactions during the manufacture of the children's product, a trace impurity in feed-stock, an incompletely reacted chemical mixture, and a degradation product.

    (10) "Cosmetics" means articles intended to be rubbed, poured, sprinkled, or sprayed on, introduced into, or otherwise applied to the human body or any part thereof for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering appearance, and articles intended for use as a component of such an article. "Cosmetics" shall not mean soap, dietary supplements, or food and drugs approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

    (11) "Intentionally added" means the addition of a chemical in a product that serves an intended function in the product component.

    (12) "Manufacturer" means:

    (A) any person who manufactures a children's product or whose name is affixed to a children's product or its packaging or advertising, and the children's product is sold or offered for sale in Vermont; or

    (B) any person who sells a children's product to a retailer in Vermont when the person who manufactures the children's product or whose name is affixed to the children's product or its packaging or advertising does not have a presence in the United States other than the sale or offer for sale of the manufacturer's products.

    (13) "Motor vehicle" means all vehicles propelled or drawn by power other than muscular power, including snowmobiles, motorcycles, all-terrain vehicles, farm tractors, vehicles running only upon stationary rails or tracks, motorized highway building equipment, road-making appliances, or tracked vehicles or electric personal assistive mobility devices.

    (14) "Persistent bioaccumulative toxic" means a chemical or chemical group that, based on credible scientific information, meets each of the following criteria:

    (A) the chemical can persist in the environment as demonstrated by the fact that:

    (i) the half-life of the chemical in water is greater than or equal to 60 days;

    (ii) the half-life of the chemical in soil is greater than or equal to 60 days; or

    (iii) the half-life of the chemical in sediments is greater than or equal to 60 days; and

    (B) the chemical has a high potential to bioaccumulate based on credible scientific information that the bioconcentration factor or bioaccumulation factor in aquatic species for the chemical is greater than 1,000 or, in the absence of such data, that the log-octanol water partition coefficient (log Kow) is greater than five; and

    (C) the chemical has the potential to be toxic to children as demonstrated by the fact that:

    (i) the chemical or chemical group is a carcinogen, a developmental or reproductive toxicant, or a neurotoxicant;

    (ii) the chemical or chemical group has a reference dose or equivalent toxicity measure that is less than 0.003 mg/kg/day; or

    (iii) the chemical or chemical group has a chronic no observed effect concentration (NOEC) or equivalent toxicity measure that is less than 0.1 mg/L or an acute NOEC or equivalent toxicity measure that is less than 1.0 mg/L.

    (15) "Practical quantification limit (PQL)" means the lowest concentration that can be reliably measured within specified limits of precision, accuracy, representativeness, completeness, and comparability during routine laboratory operating conditions.

    (16) "Toy" means a consumer product designed or intended by the manufacturer to be used by a child at play.

    (17) "Vessel" means every description of watercraft used or capable of being used as a means of transportation on water. (Added 2013, No. 188 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. June 10, 2014; amended 2015, No. 158 (Adj. Sess.), § 81, eff. June 2, 2016.)