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Searching 2021-2022 Session

The Vermont Statutes Online

 

Title 18 : Health

Chapter 032 : IONIZING AND NONIONIZING RADIATION CONTROL

(Cite as: 18 V.S.A. § 1651)
  • § 1651. Definitions

    In this chapter:

    (1) "By-product material" means each of the following:

    (A) Any radioactive material, other than special nuclear material, that is yielded in or made radioactive by exposure to the radiation incident to the process of producing or utilizing special nuclear material.

    (B) The tailings or wastes produced by the extraction or concentration of uranium or thorium from any ore processed primarily for its source material content, including discrete surface wastes resulting from uranium solution extraction processes. However, "by-product material" does not include underground ore bodies depleted by these solution extraction operations.

    (C) Any discrete source of radium-226 that is produced, extracted, or converted after extraction for use for a commercial, medical, or research activity.

    (D) Any material that has been made radioactive by use of a particle accelerator and is produced, extracted, or converted after extraction for use for a commercial, medical, or research activity.

    (E) Any discrete source of naturally occurring radioactive material, other than source material, that is extracted or converted after extraction for use in a commercial, medical, or research activity, if the Governor, after determination by the NRC, declares by order that the source would pose a threat similar to the threat posed by a discrete source of radium-226 to the public health and safety.

    (2) "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Health.

    (3) "Department" means the Department of Health.

    (4) "General license" means a license effective under regulations promulgated by the State radiation control agency without the filing of an application to transfer, acquire, own, possess, or use quantities of, or devices or equipment utilizing by-product, source, or special nuclear materials or other radioactive material occurring naturally or produced artificially.

    (5) "Ionizing radiation" means gamma rays and X-rays, alpha and beta particles, high speed electrons, neutrons, protons, and other nuclear particles.

    (6) "Nonionizing radiation" means radiations of any wavelength in the entire electromagnetic spectrum except those radiations defined in this section as ionizing. Nonionizing radiations include ultraviolet, visible, infrared, microwave, radiowave, low frequency electromagnetic radiation; infrasonic, sonic, and ultrasonic waves; electrostatic and magnetic fields.

    (7) "NRC" means the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission or any successor agency of the United States to the Commission.

    (8) "Radioactive material" means any material, whether solid, liquid, or gas, that emits ionizing radiation spontaneously. The term includes material made radioactive by a particle accelerator, by-product material, naturally occurring radioactive material, source material, and special nuclear material.

    (9) "Specific license" means a license, issued to a named person after application to use, manufacture, produce, transfer, receive, acquire, own, or possess quantities of, or devices or equipment utilizing byproduct, source, or special nuclear materials or other radioactive material occurring naturally or produced artificially.

    (10) "Source material" means each of the following:

    (A) uranium, thorium, or any combination of those elements, in any physical or chemical form;

    (B) any other material that the Governor declares by order to be source material after the NRC has determined the material to be source material; or

    (C) ores that contain uranium, thorium, or any combination of those elements in a concentration by weight of 0.05 percent or more or in such lower concentration as the Governor declares by order to be source material after the NRC has determined the material in such concentration to be source material.

    (11) "Special nuclear material" means:

    (A) plutonium, uranium 233, uranium enriched in the isotope 233 or in the isotope 235, and any other material that the Governor declares by order to be special nuclear material after the NRC has determined the material to be such special nuclear material, but does not include source material; or

    (B) any material artificially enriched by any elements, isotopes, or materials listed in subdivision (A) of this subdivision (11), but does not include source material. (Added 1967, No. 27, § 1; amended 1977, No. 83, § 1; 2015, No. 82 (Adj. Sess.), § 1.)