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Searching 2023-2024 Session

The Vermont Statutes Online

The Vermont Statutes Online have been updated to include the actions of the 2023 session of the General Assembly.

NOTE: The Vermont Statutes Online is an unofficial copy of the Vermont Statutes Annotated that is provided as a convenience.

Title 18 : Health

Chapter 021 : Communicable Diseases

Subchapter 004 : Immunization

(Cite as: 18 V.S.A. § 1122)
  • § 1122. Exemptions

    (a) Notwithstanding subsections 1121(a) and (b) of this title, a person may remain in school or in a child care facility without a required immunization:

    (1) If the person or, in the case of a minor, the person’s parent or guardian presents a form created by the Department and signed by a licensed health care practitioner authorized to prescribe vaccines or a health clinic stating that the person is in the process of being immunized. The person may continue to attend school or a child care facility for up to six months while the immunization process is being accomplished.

    (2) If a licensed health care practitioner who is authorized to prescribe vaccines certifies in writing that a specific immunization is or may be detrimental to the person’s health. A certifying health care practitioner shall specify the required immunization in question as well as the probable duration of the condition or circumstance that is or may be detrimental to the person’s health. Any exemption certified under this subdivision shall terminate when the condition or circumstance cited no longer applies.

    (3) If the person or, in the case of a minor, the person’s parent or guardian annually provides a signed statement to the school or child care facility on a form created by the Department that the person, parent, or guardian:

    (A) holds religious beliefs opposed to immunization; and

    (B) has reviewed evidence-based educational material provided by the Department regarding immunizations, including:

    (i) information about the risks of adverse reactions to immunization;

    (ii) information that failure to complete the required vaccination schedule increases risk to the person and others of contracting or carrying a vaccine-preventable infectious disease; and

    (iii) information that there are persons with special health needs attending schools and child care facilities who are unable to be vaccinated or who are at heightened risk of contracting a vaccine-preventable communicable disease and for whom such a disease could be life-threatening.

    (b) The Department of Health may provide by rule for further exemptions to immunization based upon sound medical practice.

    (c) A form signed pursuant to subdivision (a)(3) of this section and the fact that such a form was signed shall not be:

    (1) construed to create or deny civil liability for any person; or

    (2) admissible as evidence in any civil proceeding.

    (d) As used in this section, “health care practitioner” means a person licensed by law to provide professional health care services to an individual during the course of that individual’s medical care or treatment. (Added 1979, No. 40; amended 1981, No. 18, § 3; 2007, No. 204 (Adj. Sess.), § 7; 2011, No. 157 (Adj. Sess.), § 2; 2015, No. 37, § 4, eff. July 1, 2016.)