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Searching 2023-2024 Session

The Vermont Statutes Online

The Vermont Statutes Online have been updated to include the actions of the 2023 session of the General Assembly.

NOTE: The Vermont Statutes Online is an unofficial copy of the Vermont Statutes Annotated that is provided as a convenience.

Title 14A : Trusts

Chapter 005 : Creditor's Claims; Spendthrift and Discretionary Trusts

(Cite as: 14A V.S.A. § 505)
  • § 505. Creditor’s claim against settlor

    (a) Whether or not the terms of a trust contain a spendthrift provision, the following rules apply:

    (1) During the lifetime of the settlor, the property of a revocable trust is subject to claims of the settlor’s creditors.

    (2) With respect to an irrevocable trust, a creditor or assignee of the settlor may reach the maximum amount that can be distributed to or for the settlor’s benefit. If a trust has more than one settlor, the amount the creditor or assignee of a particular settlor may reach shall not exceed the settlor’s interest in the portion of the trust attributable to that settlor’s contribution. This subdivision shall not apply to an irrevocable “special needs trust” established for a disabled person as described in 42 U.S.C. § 1396p(d)(4) or similar federal law governing the transfer to such a trust.

    (3) After the death of a settlor, and subject to the settlor’s right to direct the source from which liabilities will be paid, the property of a trust that was revocable at the settlor’s death is subject to claims of the settlor’s creditors, costs of administration of the settlor’s estate, the expenses of the settlor’s funeral and disposal of remains, and statutory allowances to a surviving spouse and children to the extent the settlor’s probate estate is inadequate to satisfy those claims, costs, expenses, and allowances.

    (b) For purposes of this section:

    (1) during the period the power may be exercised, the holder of a power of withdrawal is treated in the same manner as the settlor of a revocable trust to the extent of the property subject to the power; and

    (2) upon the lapse, release, or waiver of the power, the holder is treated as the settlor of the trust only to the extent the value of the property affected by the lapse, release, or waiver exceeds the greater of the amount specified in § 2041(b)(2) or 2514(e) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or § 2503(b) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, in each case as in effect on the effective date of this title. (Added 2009, No. 20, § 1.)