The Vermont Statutes Online
NOTE: The Vermont Statutes Online is an unofficial copy of the Vermont Statutes Annotated that is provided as a convenience.
NOTE: The online version of the Vermont Statutes does NOT yet include the actions of the 2023 legislative session. The 2023 updates should be available by the end of October.
§ 8005. Notice of collateral consequences and eligibility for expungement in pretrial proceeding
(a) When an individual receives formal notice that the individual is charged with an offense, the court shall provide either oral or written notice substantially similar to the following to be communicated to the individual:
(1) If you plead guilty or are convicted of an offense, you may suffer additional legal consequences beyond jail or prison, home confinement, probation, and fines. These consequences may include:
(A) being unable to get or keep some licenses, permits, or jobs;
(B) being unable to get or keep benefits such as public housing or education;
(C) receiving a harsher sentence if you are convicted of another offense in the future;
(D) having the government take your property;
(E) being unable to serve in the military or on a jury;
(F) being unable to possess a firearm; and
(G) being unable to exercise your right to vote if you move to another state.
(2) If you are not a U.S. citizen, a guilty plea or conviction may also result in your deportation, removal, exclusion from admission to the United States, or denial of citizenship.
(3) The law may provide ways to obtain some relief from these consequences.
(4) Further information about the consequences of conviction is available on the Internet at http://legislature.vermont.gov/statutes/chapter/13/231.
(b) Before the court accepts a plea of guilty or nolo contendere from an individual, the court shall:
(1) confirm that the individual received the notice required by subsection (a) of this section and had an opportunity to discuss the notice with counsel, if represented, and understands that there may be collateral consequences to a conviction; and
(2) provide written notice, as part of a written plea agreement or through another form, of the following:
(A) that collateral consequences may apply because of the conviction;
(B) the Internet address of the collection of laws published under this chapter;
(C) that there may be ways to obtain relief from collateral consequences;
(D) that the conviction may be eligible for expungement or sealing pursuant to section 7602 of this title;
(E) contact information for government or nonprofit agencies, groups, or organizations, if any, offering assistance to individuals seeking relief from collateral consequences; and
(F) that conviction of a crime in this State does not prohibit an individual from voting in this State. (Added 2013, No. 181 (Adj. Sess.), § 1, eff. Jan. 1, 2016; amended 2017, No. 57, § 1.)