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Searching 2023-2024 Session

The Vermont Statutes Online

NOTE: The Vermont Statutes Online is an unofficial copy of the Vermont Statutes Annotated that is provided as a convenience.

NOTE: The online version of the Vermont Statutes does NOT yet include the actions of the 2023 legislative session. The 2023 updates should be available by the end of October.

Title 13 : Crimes and Criminal Procedure


Subchapter 001 : CRIMINAL ACTS

(Cite as: 13 V.S.A. § 2658)
  • § 2658. Motion to vacate by victim of human trafficking

    (a) As used in this section:

    (1) “Qualifying crime” means a criminal offense in this State that is not listed in 33 V.S.A. § 5204(a).

    (2) “Victim of human trafficking” means:

    (A) a victim of a violation of section 2652 or 2653 of this title; or

    (B) “a victim of a severe form of trafficking” as defined by 22 U.S.C. § 7102(14) (federal Trafficking Victims Protection Act).

    (b) A person convicted of a qualifying crime may file a motion to vacate the conviction if it was obtained as a result of the person having been a victim of human trafficking. The motion shall be in writing, describe the supporting evidence with particularity, and include copies of any documents showing that the moving party is entitled to relief under this section.

    (c) The court shall hold a hearing on the motion, provided that the court may dismiss a motion without a hearing if the court finds that the motion fails to assert a claim for which relief may be granted.

    (d)(1) The court shall grant the motion if it finds by a preponderance of the evidence that:

    (A) the moving party was convicted of a qualifying crime; and

    (B) the conviction was obtained as a result of the moving party’s having been a victim of human trafficking.

    (2) If the motion is granted, the court shall vacate the conviction, strike the adjudication of guilt, and expunge the record of the criminal proceedings. The court shall issue an order to expunge, or redact the moving party’s name from, all records and files related to the moving party’s arrest, citation, investigation, charge, adjudication of guilt, criminal proceedings, and probation for the offense.

    (e) Official documentation of a person’s status as a victim of human trafficking provided by a federal, state, or local government agency shall create a presumption that the person’s conviction was obtained as a result of having been a victim of human trafficking. Such documentation shall not be required to grant a motion under this section. (Added 2011, No. 94 (Adj. Sess.), § 1; amended 2019, No. 32, § 1.)