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Searching 2023-2024 Session

The Vermont Statutes Online

 

Title 13 : Crimes and Criminal Procedure

Chapter 039 : EXTORTION AND THREATS

(Cite as: 13 V.S.A. § 1702)
  • § 1702. Criminal threatening

    (a) A person shall not by words or conduct knowingly:

    (1) threaten another person or a group of particular persons; and

    (2) as a result of the threat, place the other person in reasonable apprehension of death, serious bodily injury, or sexual assault to the other person, a person in the group of particular persons, or any other person.

    (b) A person who violates subsection (a) of this section shall be imprisoned not more than one year or fined not more than $1,000.00, or both.

    (c) A person who violates subsection (a) of this section with the intent to prevent another person from reporting to the Department for Children and Families the suspected abuse or neglect of a child shall be imprisoned not more than two years or fined not more than $2,000.00, or both.

    (d) A person who violates subsection (a) of this section by making a threat that places any person in reasonable apprehension that death, serious bodily injury, or sexual assault will occur at a public or private school; postsecondary education institution; place of worship; polling place during election activities; the Vermont State House; or any federal, State, or municipal building shall be imprisoned not more than two years or fined not more than $2,000.00, or both.

    (e) A person who violates subsection (a) of this section with the intent to terrify, intimidate, or unlawfully influence a person to prevent that person from complying with State laws or rules, State court or administrative orders, or State executive orders shall be imprisoned not more than two years or fined not more than $2,000.00, or both.

    (f) A person who violates subsection (a) of this section with the intent to terrify, intimidate, or unlawfully influence the conduct of a candidate for public office, a public servant, an election official, or a public employee in any decision, opinion, recommendation, vote, or other exercise of discretion taken in capacity as a candidate for public office, a public servant, an election official, or a public employee, or with the intent to retaliate against a candidate for public office, a public servant, an election official, or a public employee for any previous action taken in capacity as a candidate for public office, a public servant, an election official, or a public employee, shall be imprisoned not more than two years or fined not more than $2,000.00, or both.

    (g) As used in this section:

    (1) “Serious bodily injury” has the same meaning as in section 1021 of this title.

    (2) “Threat” and “threaten” do not include constitutionally protected activity.

    (3) “Candidate” has the same meaning as in 17 V.S.A. § 2103.

    (4) “Election official” has the same meaning as in 17 V.S.A. § 2455.

    (5) “Public employee” means a classified employee within the Legislative, Executive, or Judicial Branch of the State and any of its political subdivisions and any employee within a county or local government and any of the county’s or local government’s political subdivisions.

    (6) “Public servant” has the same meaning as in 17 V.S.A. § 2103.

    (7) “Polling place” has the same meaning as described in 17 V.S.A. chapter 51, subchapter 4.

    (8) “Sexual assault” has the same meaning as sexual assault as described in section 3252 of this title.

    (h) Any person charged under this section who is younger than the age identified in 33 V.S.A. § 5201(d) shall be subject to a juvenile proceeding. (Added 2015, No. 162 (Adj. Sess.), § 6b; amended 2021, No. 103 (Adj. Sess.), § 1, eff. May 3, 2022.)