Skip to navigation Skip to content Skip to subnav
Searching 2021-2022 Session

The Vermont Statutes Online

 

Title 13 : Crimes and Criminal Procedure

Chapter 031 : DISCRIMINATION

(Cite as: 13 V.S.A. § 1455)
  • § 1455. Hate-motivated crimes

    (a) A person who commits, causes to be committed, or attempts to commit any crime and whose conduct is motivated, in whole or in part, by the victim's actual or perceived protected category shall be subject to the following penalties:

    (1) If the maximum penalty for the underlying crime is one year or less, the penalty for a violation of this section shall be imprisonment for not more than two years or a fine of not more than $2,000.00, or both.

    (2) If the maximum penalty for the underlying crime is more than one year but less than five years, the penalty for a violation of this section shall be imprisonment for not more than five years or a fine of not more than $10,000.00, or both.

    (3) If the maximum penalty for the underlying crime is five years or more, the penalty for the underlying crime shall apply; however, the court shall consider the motivation of the defendant as a factor in sentencing.

    (b) The victim's actual or perceived protected category or categories need not be the predominant reason or the sole reason for the defendant's conduct.

    (c) As used in this section, "protected category" includes race, color, religion, national origin, sex, ancestry, age, service in the U.S. Armed Forces or the National Guard, disability as defined by 21 V.S.A. § 495d(5), sexual orientation, gender identity, and perceived membership in any such group. (Added 1989, No. 172 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. May 12, 1990; amended 1999, No. 56, § 4; 2013, No. 96 (Adj. Sess.), § 53; 2021, No. 34, § 1, eff. May 18, 2021.)