The Vermont Statutes Online
NOTE: The Vermont Statutes Online is an unofficial copy of the Vermont Statutes Annotated that is provided as a convenience.
NOTE: The online version of the Vermont Statutes does NOT yet include the actions of the 2023 legislative session. The 2023 updates should be available by the end of October.
Subchapter 003 : ENFORCEMENT(Cite as: 10 V.S.A. § 8005)
§ 8005. Investigations; inspections; affidavit of compliance
(a) Inspections and investigations.
(1) An investigator may perform routine inspections to determine compliance.
(2) An investigator may investigate upon receipt or discovery of information that an activity is being or has been conducted that may constitute or cause a violation.
(3) An investigator, upon presentation of credentials, may seek permission to inspect or investigate any portion of the property, fixtures, or other appurtenances belonging to or used by a person whose activity is required to be in compliance. The investigator shall state the purpose of the inspection or investigation. An inspection or investigation may include monitoring, sampling, testing, and copying of any records, reports, or other documents relating to the purposes to be served by compliance.
(4) If permission for an inspection or investigation is refused, the investigator may seek an access order from the District or Superior Court in whose jurisdiction the property is located enabling the investigator to perform the inspection or investigation.
(b) Access orders and information requests.
(1) A Superior Court judge shall issue an access order when access has been refused and the investigator, by affidavit, describes the property to be examined and identifies:
(A) a provision of a permit that authorizes the inspection; or
(B) the property as being scheduled for inspection in accordance with a neutral inspection program adopted by the Secretary or the Natural Resources Board; or
(C) facts providing reasonable grounds to believe that a violation exists and that an examination of the specifically described property will be of material aid in determining the existence of the violation.
(2) A Superior Court shall issue an order requiring compliance with an information request submitted pursuant to section 6615c of this title when:
(A) the person served with the request fails to respond to the request in the time frame identified by the Secretary;
(B) the Secretary submits, by affidavit, facts providing reasonable grounds that a release or threatened release has taken place; and
(C) the information will be of material aid in responding to the release or threatened release.
(3) Issuance of an access order shall not negate the Secretary’s authority to initiate criminal proceedings in the same matter by referring the matter to the Office of the Attorney General or a State’s Attorney.
(c) At any time, the Secretary, the Natural Resources Board, or a District Commission created pursuant to subsection 6026(b) of this title may require a permittee to file an affidavit under oath or affirmation that a facility, project, development, subdivision, or activity of the permittee is in compliance with an assurance of discontinuance or order issued under this chapter or a permit issued under a statute identified under subsection 8003(a) of this title or under a rule enforceable under authority set forth under a statute identified under subsection 8003(a) of this title. A request for an affidavit of compliance under this subsection may be delivered by hand or by certified mail. Failure to file an affidavit within the period prescribed by the Secretary, Natural Resources Board, or District Commission or the material misrepresentation of fact in the affidavit shall be a violation and shall also constitute grounds for revocation of the permit to which the affidavit requirement, assurance of discontinuance, or order under this chapter applies. (Added 1989, No. 98, § 1; amended 2003, No. 115 (Adj. Sess.), § 70, eff. Jan. 31, 2005; 2009, No. 146 (Adj. Sess.), § F16; 2013, No. 11, § 25; 2015, No. 154 (Adj. Sess.), § 7, eff. June 1, 2016.)