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Searching 2023-2024 Session

The Vermont Statutes Online

The Vermont Statutes Online have been updated to include the actions of the 2023 session of the General Assembly.

NOTE: The Vermont Statutes Online is an unofficial copy of the Vermont Statutes Annotated that is provided as a convenience.

Title 10 : Conservation and Development

Chapter 047 : Water Pollution Control

Subchapter 001 : Water Pollution Control

(Cite as: 10 V.S.A. § 1251)
  • § 1251. Definitions

    Whenever used or referred to in this chapter, unless a different meaning clearly appears from the context:

    (1) “Board” means the Secretary of Natural Resources.

    (2) “Department” means the Department of Environmental Conservation.

    (3) “Discharge” means the placing, depositing, or emission of any wastes, directly or indirectly, into an injection well or into the waters of the State.

    (4) “Effluent limitation” means any restrictions or prohibitions established in accordance with the provisions of this chapter or under federal law including effluent limitations, standards of performance for new sources, and toxic effluent standards, on quantities, rates, and concentrations of chemical, physical, biological, and other constituents that are discharged to waters of the State, including schedules of compliance.

    (5) “Hazardous materials” means any material determined by the Secretary to have an unusually harmful effect on water quality if discharged to the waters of the State.

    (6) “Mixing zone” means a length or area within the waters of the State required for the dispersion and dilution of waste discharges adequately treated to meet federal and State treatment requirements and within which it is recognized that specific water uses or water quality criteria associated with the assigned classification for such waters may not be realized. The mixing zone shall not extend more than 200 feet from the point of discharge.

    (7) “Oil” means oil of any kind, including petroleum, fuel oils, oily sludge, waste oil, gasoline, kerosene, jet fuel, tar, asphalt, crude oils, lube oil, insoluble or partially soluble derivatives of mineral, animal, or vegetable oils, or any product or mixture thereof.

    (8) “Person” means any individual; partnership; company; corporation; association; joint venture; trust; municipality; the State of Vermont or any agency, department, or subdivision of the State; any federal agency; or any other legal or commercial entity.

    (9) “Public interest” means that which is for the greatest benefit to the people of the State as determined by the standards set forth in subsection 1253(e) of this title.

    (10) “Schedule of compliance” means a schedule of remedial measures including an enforceable sequence of actions or operations leading to compliance with an effluent limitation or any other limitation, prohibition, or standard, including any water quality standard.

    (11) “Secretary” means the Secretary of Natural Resources or his or her authorized representative.

    (12) “Waste” means effluent, sewage, or any substance or material, liquid, gaseous, solid, or radioactive, including heated liquids, whether or not harmful or deleterious to waters; provided, however, the term “sewage” as used in this chapter shall not include the rinse or process water from a cheese manufacturing process.

    (13) “Waters” includes all rivers, streams, creeks, brooks, reservoirs, ponds, lakes, springs, and all bodies of surface waters, artificial or natural, that are contained within, flow through, or border upon the State or any portion of it.

    (14) “Injection well” means any opening in the ground used as a means of discharging waste except for a dry hole not exceeding seven feet in depth that is constructed as, and used solely for the disposal of domestic wastes.

    (15) “Indirect discharge” means any discharge to groundwater, whether subsurface, land-based, or otherwise.

    (16) “Waste management zone” means a specific reach of Class B waters designated by a permit to accept the discharge of properly treated wastes that prior to treatment contained organisms pathogenic to human beings. Throughout the receiving waters, water quality criteria must be achieved but increased health risks exist due to the authorized discharge.

    (17) “Basin plan” means a plan prepared by the Secretary for each of Vermont’s 17 basins in conjunction with the basin planning process required by section 303(e) of the federal Clean Water Act and 40 C.F.R. part 131.

    (18) [Repealed.]

    (19) “Stormwater utility” means a system adopted by a municipality or group of municipalities under 24 V.S.A. chapter 97, 101, or 105 for the management of stormwater runoff. (Amended 1961, No. 100, § 2; 1964, No. 37 (Sp. Sess.), § 2; 1969, No. 252 (Adj. Sess.), § 1, eff. April 4, 1970; 1973, No. 103, § 2, eff. April 24, 1973; 1973, No. 112, § 3, eff. April 25, 1973; 1981, No. 222 (Adj. Sess.), § 25; 1985, No. 199 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. May 17, 1986; 1987, No. 76, § 18; 1991, No. 157 (Adj. Sess.), § 4, eff. May 5, 1992; 1991, No. 211 (Adj. Sess.), § 1; 2003, No. 115 (Adj. Sess.), § 24, eff. Jan. 31, 2005; 2015, No. 103 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. May 12, 2016; 2015, No. 158 (Adj. Sess.), § 32, eff. June 2, 2016; 2017, No. 185 (Adj. Sess.), § 15, eff. May 28, 2018.)