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Searching 2023-2024 Session

The Vermont Statutes Online

The Vermont Statutes Online have been updated to include the actions of the 2023 session of the General Assembly.

NOTE: The Vermont Statutes Online is an unofficial copy of the Vermont Statutes Annotated that is provided as a convenience.

Title 10 : Conservation and Development

Chapter 039 : Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention

(Cite as: 10 V.S.A. § 958)
  • § 958. Eminent domain; determining necessity

    (a) The Commissioner of Environmental Conservation may file a complaint in the Civil Division of the Superior Court for any county in which a portion of the real estate lies to determine that necessity requires that the State acquire real estate within the State, including real estate held for public use in the name of the State or any municipality, for the purpose of flood control projects.

    (b) “Necessity” means a reasonable need that considers the greatest public good and the least inconvenience and expense to the condemning party and to the property owner. It shall not be measured merely by expense or convenience to the condemning party. Due consideration shall be given to the following factors:

    (1) The adequacy of other property and locations.

    (2) The quantity, kind, and extent of cultivated and agricultural land that may be made unfit for use by the proposed taking. In this connection, the effect on long-range agricultural land use as well as the immediate effect shall be considered.

    (3) The effect of the taking upon home and homestead rights and the convenience of the owner of the land.

    (4) The effect of the taking upon scenic and recreational values in the areas involved.

    (5) The effect upon town grand lists and revenues.

    (6) The effect upon fish and wildlife, forests and forest programs, the natural flow of water and the streams both above and below any proposed structure, upon hazards to navigation, fishing, and bathing, and upon other public uses.

    (7) Whether the cutting clean and removal of all timber and tree growth from all or any part of any flowage area involved is reasonably required.

    (c) The complaint, the service thereof and the proceedings in relation thereto, including rights of appeal, shall conform with and be controlled by 19 V.S.A. chapter 5. (Added 1966, No. 27 (Sp. Sess.), § 4, eff. March 12, 1966; amended 1981, No. 222 (Adj. Sess.), § 20; 1987, No. 76, § 18; 2009, No. 154 (Adj. Sess.), § 236; 2011, No. 126 (Adj. Sess.), § 6.)