Skip to navigation Skip to content Skip to subnav
Searching 2023-2024 Session

The Vermont Statutes Online

The Vermont Statutes Online have been updated to include the actions of the 2023 session of the General Assembly.

NOTE: The Vermont Statutes Online is an unofficial copy of the Vermont Statutes Annotated that is provided as a convenience.

Title 8 : Banking and Insurance

Chapter 200 : Consumer Protection

Subchapter 004 : Lending Reports, Disclosures, and Standards

(Cite as: 8 V.S.A. § 10403)
  • § 10403. Prohibition on discrimination based on sex, marital status, race, color, religion, national origin, age, sexual orientation, gender identity, or disability

    (a) Discrimination prohibited. No financial institution shall discriminate against any applicant for credit services on the basis of the sex, marital status, race, color, religion, national origin, age, sexual orientation, gender identity, or disability of the applicant, provided the applicant has the legal capacity to contract.

    (b) Rulemaking. The Department of Financial Regulation shall adopt rules necessary to carry out the provisions of this section.

    (c) Definitions. As used in this section:

    (1) “Adverse action” means denial, revocation, or termination of credit services. The term does not include a change in the terms of an account expressly agreed to by an applicant nor any action or forbearance relating to an account taken in connection with inactivity, default, or delinquency as to that account.

    (2) “Applicant” means any person who applies to a financial institution directly for an extension, renewal, or continuation of credit or applies to a financial institution indirectly by use of an existing credit plan for an amount exceeding a previously established credit limit.

    (3) “Application” means an oral or written request for an extension of credit that is made in accordance with procedures established by a financial institution for the type of credit requested. The term does not include the use of an account or line of credit to obtain an amount of credit that is within a previously established credit limit. A completed application means an application in connection with which a financial institution has received all the information that the financial institution regularly obtains and considers in evaluating applications for the amount and type of credit requested, including credit reports, any additional information requested from the applicant, and any approvals or reports by governmental agencies or other persons that are necessary to guarantee, insure, or provide security for the credit or collateral. The financial institution shall exercise reasonable diligence in obtaining such information.

    (4) “Credit services” means credit cards, personal loans, mortgage loans, and commercial loans.

    (5) “Financial institutions” means Vermont financial institutions, credit unions, and licensed lenders.

    (6) “Disability” applied to an applicant means a person with a disability as defined in 21 V.S.A. § 495d(5). As used in this section, an applicant with a disability does not include an alcoholic or drug abuser who, by reason of current alcohol or drug use, constitutes an unacceptable credit risk.

    (7) “Person” means a natural person, a corporation, government or governmental subdivision or agency, trust, estate, partnership, cooperative, association, or other entity.

    (d) Notification requirements.

    (1) Within 30 days of reaching a decision on a completed application, a financial institution shall notify the applicant of its decision on the application.

    (2) Each applicant against whom adverse action is taken shall receive a written statement of reasons for such action from the financial institution.

    (3) For commercial credit only, a statement of reasons meets the requirements of this section only if it contains the specific reasons for the adverse action taken and cites the specific documentation or business judgment that supports the adverse decision on the application. Consumer credit shall be governed by the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (15 U.S.C. § 1691 et seq.) and regulations adopted pursuant to the Act.

    (4) Financial institutions shall be required to maintain a copy of all “statements of reasons” and the documentation upon which the decision was based for 24 months after the date of issuance.

    (e) Civil enforcement. A financial institution that discriminates against an applicant in violation of this section shall be liable to the applicant for punitive damages, for actual damages sustained by the applicant as a result of the discrimination, and for costs and reasonable attorney’s fees as determined by the court. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001; amended 2007, No. 41, § 10; 2011, No. 78 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. April 2, 2012; 2013, No. 96 (Adj. Sess.), § 24; 2019, No. 131 (Adj. Sess.), § 8; 2021, No. 105 (Adj. Sess.), § 280, eff. July 1, 2022.)