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Searching 2023-2024 Session

The Vermont Statutes Online

NOTE: The Vermont Statutes Online is an unofficial copy of the Vermont Statutes Annotated that is provided as a convenience.

NOTE: The online version of the Vermont Statutes does NOT yet include the actions of the 2023 legislative session. The 2023 updates should be available by the end of October.

Title 8 : Banking and Insurance

Chapter 074 : Consumer Litigation Funding Companies

(Cite as: 8 V.S.A. § 2251)
  • § 2251. Definitions

    As used in this chapter:

    (1) “Charges” means the amount a consumer owes to a company in addition to the funded amount and includes an administrative fee, origination fee, underwriting fee, processing fee, and any other fee regardless of how the fee is denominated, including amounts denominated as interest or rate.

    (2) “Consumer” means a natural person who is seeking or has obtained consumer litigation funding for a pending legal claim, provided:

    (A) the claim is in Vermont; or

    (B) the person resides or is domiciled in Vermont, or both.

    (3) “Consumer litigation funding” or “funding” means a nonrecourse transaction in which a company purchases and a consumer assigns to the company a contingent right to receive an amount of the potential net proceeds of a settlement or judgment obtained from the consumer’s legal claim. If no proceeds or net proceeds are obtained, the consumer is not required to repay the company the funded amount or charges.

    (4) “Consumer litigation funding company,” “litigation funding company,” or “company” means a person that provides consumer litigation funding to a consumer. The term does not include an immediate family member of the consumer.

    (5) “Funded amount” means the amount of monies provided to, or on behalf of, the consumer pursuant to a litigation funding contract. The term excludes charges.

    (6) “Health care facility” has the same meaning as in 18 V.S.A. § 9402(6).

    (7) “Health care provider” has the same meaning as in 18 V.S.A. § 9402(7).

    (8) “Litigation funding contract” or “contract” means a contract between a company and a consumer for the provision of consumer litigation funding.

    (9)(A) “Net proceeds” means the amount recovered by a consumer as a result of a legal claim less costs associated with the legal claim or the underlying events giving rise to the legal claim, including:

    (i) attorney’s fees, attorney liens, litigation costs;

    (ii) claims or liens for related medical services owned and asserted by the provider of such services;

    (iii) claims or liens for reimbursement arising from third parties who have paid related medical expenses, including claims from insurers, employers with self-funded health care plans, and publicly financed health care plans; and

    (iv) liens for workers’ compensation benefits paid to the consumer.

    (B) This definition of “net proceeds” shall in no way affect the priority of claims or liens other than those for payments to the consumer litigation funding company under a consumer litigation funding contract subject to this chapter. (Added 2015, No. 128 (Adj. Sess.), § A.1; amended 2019, No. 20, § 33.)