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Searching 2021-2022 Session

The Vermont Statutes Online


Title 8 : Banking and Insurance


(Cite as: 8 V.S.A. § 2241)
  • § 2241. Prohibited acts and practices

    It is a violation of this chapter for a person or individual to:

    (1) directly or indirectly employ any scheme, device, or artifice to defraud or mislead borrowers or lenders or to defraud any person;

    (2) engage in any unfair or deceptive practice toward any person;

    (3) obtain property by fraud or misrepresentation;

    (4) solicit or enter into a contract with a borrower that provides in substance that the person or individual may earn a fee or commission through "best efforts" to obtain a loan even though no loan is actually obtained for the borrower;

    (5) solicit, advertise, or enter into a contract for specific interest rates, points, or other financing terms unless the terms are actually available at the time of soliciting, advertising, or contracting;

    (6) conduct any business covered by this chapter without holding a valid license as required under this chapter, to assist or aid and abet any person in the conduct of business under this chapter without a valid license as required under this chapter, or to refer a person to, or receive a fee from, any person who must be licensed but was not licensed as of the time the licensee's services were provided;

    (7) fail to make disclosures as required by this chapter and any other applicable State or federal law, including regulations thereunder;

    (8) fail to comply with this chapter or rules adopted under this chapter, or fail to comply with any orders or directives from the Commissioner, or fail to comply with any other State or federal law, including the rules thereunder, applicable to any business authorized or conducted under this chapter;

    (9) make, in any manner, any false or deceptive statement or representation, including with regard to the rates, points, or other financing terms or conditions for a mortgage loan, to engage in bait and switch advertising, or to represent to the public that the licensee is able to perform an activity requiring licensure unless such licensee is duly licensed or is exempt from licensure;

    (10) negligently make any false statement or knowingly and willfully make any omission of material fact in connection with any information or reports filed with a governmental agency or the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System and Registry or in connection with any investigation conducted by the Commissioner or another governmental agency;

    (11) make any payment, threat, or promise, directly or indirectly, to any person for the purposes of influencing the independent judgment of the person in connection with a residential mortgage loan, or make any payment, threat, or promise, directly or indirectly, to any appraiser of a property, for the purposes of influencing the independent judgment of the appraiser with respect to the value of the property;

    (12) collect, charge, attempt to collect or charge, or use or propose any agreement purporting to collect or charge any fee prohibited by this chapter;

    (13) cause or require a borrower to obtain property insurance coverage in an amount that exceeds the replacement cost of the improvements as established by the property insurer;

    (14) fail to account truthfully for monies belonging to a party to a mortgage loan transaction;

    (15) fail to identify clearly and conspicuously the licensee and the purpose of the contract in its written and oral communications with a consumer; or

    (16) fail to provide the ability to opt out of any unsolicited advertisement communicated to a consumer via an e-mail address; to initiate an unsolicited advertisement via e-mail to a consumer more than 10 business days after the receipt of a request from such consumer to opt out of such unsolicited advertisements; or to sell, lease, exchange, or otherwise transfer or release the e-mail address or telephone number of a consumer who has requested to opt out of future solicitations. (Added 2009, No. 29, § 1; amended 2017, No. 22, § 28, eff. May 4, 2017.)