The Vermont Statutes Online
§ 8001. Program established
(a) The State Treasurer or designee shall have the authority to establish the Vermont Achieving a Better Life Experience (ABLE) Savings Program consistent with the provisions of this chapter under which a person may make contributions for a taxable year, for the benefit of an individual who is an eligible individual for such taxable year, to an ABLE account that is established for the purpose of meeting the qualified disability expenses of the designated beneficiary of the account, and that:
(1) limits a designated beneficiary to one ABLE account for purposes of this section;
(2) allows for the establishment of an ABLE account only for a designated beneficiary who is a resident of Vermont or a resident of a contracting State; and
(3) meets the other requirements of this chapter.
(b)(1) The Treasurer or designee may solicit proposals from financial organizations to implement the Program as account depositories and managers.
(2) A financial organization that submits a proposal shall describe the investment instruments that will be held in accounts.
(3) The Treasurer shall select from among the applicants one or more financial organizations that demonstrate the most advantageous combination, both to potential Program participants and this State, of the following criteria:
(A) the financial stability and integrity of the financial organization;
(B) the safety of the investment instrument offered;
(C) the ability of the financial organization to satisfy recordkeeping and reporting requirements;
(D) the financial organization's plan for promoting the Program and the investment the organization is willing to make to promote the Program;
(E) the fees, if any, proposed to be charged to the account owners;
(F) the minimum initial deposit and minimum contributions that the financial organization will require;
(G) the ability of the financial organization to accept electronic withdrawals, including payroll deduction plans; and
(H) other benefits to the State or its residents included in the proposal, including fees payable to the State to cover expenses of operation of the Program.
(c) The Treasurer or designee shall have the authority to implement the Program in cooperation with one or more states or other partners in the manner he or she determines is in the best interests of the State and designated beneficiaries.
(d) The Treasurer or designee shall have the authority to adopt rules, policies, and procedures necessary to implement the provisions of this chapter and comply with applicable federal law. (Added 2015, No. 51, § C.7, eff. June 3, 2015; amended 2015, No. 157 (Adj. Sess.), § F.2, eff. June 2, 2016.)
§ 8002. Definitions
As used in this chapter:
(1) "ABLE account" means an account established by an eligible individual, owned by the eligible individual, and maintained under the Vermont ABLE Savings Program.
(2) "Designated beneficiary" means the eligible individual who establishes an ABLE account under this chapter and is the owner of the account.
(3) "Disability certification" means a certification to the satisfaction of the Secretary by the individual or the parent or guardian of the individual that:
(A) certifies that:
(i) the individual has a medically determinable physical or mental impairment that results in marked and severe functional limitations and that can be expected to result in death or that has lasted or can be expected to last for a continuous period of not less than 12 months, or the individual is blind within the meaning of Section 1614(a)(2) of the Social Security Act; and
(ii) such blindness or disability occurred before the individual attained 26 years of age; and
(B) includes a copy of the individual's diagnosis relating to the individual's relevant impairment or impairments, signed by a physician meeting the criteria of Section 1861(r)(1) of the Social Security Act.
(4) "Eligible individual" means:
(A) a person who during a taxable year is entitled to benefits based on blindness or disability under Title II or XVI of the Social Security Act, and such blindness or disability occurred before the date on which the individual attained 26 years of age; or
(B) a person for whom a disability certification is filed with the Secretary for the taxable year.
(5) "Financial organization" means an organization that is authorized to do business in this State and that is:
(A) licensed or chartered by the Department of Financial Regulation;
(B) chartered by an agency of the federal government; or
(C) subject to the jurisdiction and regulation of the federal Securities and Exchange Commission.
(7) "Qualified disability expense" means an expense related to the eligible individual's blindness or disability that is made for the benefit of an eligible individual who is the designated beneficiary, including the following expenses: education, housing, transportation, employment training and support, assistive technology and personal support services, health, prevention and wellness, financial management and administrative services, legal fees, expenses for oversight and monitoring, funeral and burial expenses, and other expenses that are approved by the Secretary by regulation and consistent with the purposes of this section.
(8) "Secretary" means the Secretary of the U.S. Department of the Treasury. (Added 2015, No. 51, § C.7, eff. June 3, 2015; amended 2021, No. 20, § 370.)
§ 8003. Program limitations
(a) Cash contributions. The Treasurer or designee shall not accept a contribution:
(1) unless it is in cash; or
(2) except in the case of a contribution under 26 U.S.C. § 529A(c)(1)(C) (relating to a change in a designated beneficiary or program), if such contribution to an ABLE account would result in aggregate contributions from all contributors to the ABLE account for the taxable year exceeding the amount in effect under 26 U.S.C. § 2503(b) for the calendar year in which the taxable year begins.
(b) Separate accounting. The Treasurer or designee shall provide separate accounting for each designated beneficiary.
(c) Limited investment direction. A designated beneficiary may, directly or indirectly, direct the investment of any contributions to the Vermont ABLE Savings Program, or any earnings thereon, no more than two times in any calendar year.
(d) No pledging of interest as security. A person shall not use an interest in the Vermont ABLE Savings Program, or any portion thereof, as security for a loan.
(e) Prohibition on excess contributions. The Treasurer or designee shall adopt adequate safeguards under the Vermont ABLE Savings Program to prevent aggregate contributions on behalf of a designated beneficiary in excess of the limit established by the State pursuant to 26 U.S.C. § 529(b)(6). (Added 2015, No. 51, § C.7, eff. June 3, 2015; amended 2015, No. 97 (Adj. Sess.), § 70.)
§ 8004. Reports
(a) In general. The Treasurer or designee shall make such reports regarding the Program to the Secretary and to designated beneficiaries with respect to contributions, distributions, the return of excess contributions, and such other matters as the Secretary may require.
(b) Notice of establishment of account. The Treasurer or designee shall submit a notice to the Secretary upon the establishment of an ABLE account that includes the name and state of residence of the designated beneficiary and such other information as the Secretary may require.
(c) Electronic distribution statements. The Treasurer or designee shall submit electronically on a monthly basis to the Commissioner of Social Security, in the manner specified by the Commissioner, statements on relevant distributions and account balances from all ABLE accounts created under the Vermont ABLE Savings Program.
(d) Requirements. The Treasurer or designee shall file the reports and notices required under this section at such time and in such manner and furnished to such individuals at such time and in such manner as may be required by the Secretary. (Added 2015, No. 51, § C.7, eff. June 3, 2015.)