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Searching 2019-2020 Session

The Vermont Statutes Online

 

Title 18: Health

Chapter 223: REPRODUCTIVE RIGHTS

  • Subchapter 001: FREEDOM OF CHOICE ACT
  • § 9493. Purpose and policy

    (a) The State of Vermont recognizes the fundamental right of every individual to choose or refuse contraception or sterilization.

    (b) The State of Vermont recognizes the fundamental right of every individual who becomes pregnant to choose to carry a pregnancy to term, to give birth to a child, or to have an abortion. (Added 2019, No. 47, § 2, eff. June 10, 2019.)

  • § 9494. Interference with reproductive choice prohibited

    (a) A public entity as defined in section 9496 of this title shall not, in the regulation or provision of benefits, facilities, services, or information, deny or interfere with an individual's fundamental rights to choose or refuse contraception or sterilization or to choose to carry a pregnancy to term, to give birth to a child, or to obtain an abortion.

    (b) No State or local law enforcement shall prosecute any individual for inducing, performing, or attempting to induce or perform the individual's own abortion. (Added 2019, No. 47, § 2, eff. June 10, 2019.)


  • Subchapter 002: PROHIBITIONS RELATING TO ACCESS TO ABORTION
  • § 9496. Definitions

    As used in this subchapter:

    (1) "Health care provider" means a person, partnership, or corporation, including a health care facility, that is licensed, certified, or otherwise authorized by law to provide professional health care services in this State to an individual during that individual's medical care, treatment, or confinement.

    (2) "Public entity" means:

    (A) the Legislative, Executive, or Judicial Branch of State Government, or any agency, department, office, or other subdivision of State government, or any elective or appointive officer or employee within any of those branches; or

    (B) any municipality, or any agency, department, office, or other subdivision of municipal government, or any elective or appointive officer or employee within municipal government. (Added 2019, No. 47, § 2, eff. June 10, 2019.)

  • § 9497. Abortion; restricting access prohibited

    A public entity shall not:

    (1) deprive a consenting individual of the choice of terminating the individual's pregnancy;

    (2) interfere with or restrict, in the regulation or provision of benefits, facilities, services, or information, the choice of a consenting individual to terminate the individual's pregnancy;

    (3) prohibit a health care provider, acting within the scope of the health care provider's license, from terminating or assisting in the termination of a patient's pregnancy; or

    (4) interfere with or restrict, in the regulation or provision of benefits, facilities, services, or information, the choice of a health care provider acting within the scope of the health care provider's license to terminate or assist in the termination of a patient's pregnancy. (Added 2019, No. 47, § 2, eff. June 10, 2019.)

  • § 9498. Enforcement

    (a) An individual injured as a result of a violation of this chapter shall have a private right of action in Superior Court against a public entity for injunctive relief arising from the violation.

    (b) In addition to any injunctive relief awarded, the court may award costs and reasonable attorney's fees to an injured person who substantially prevails in an action brought under this section. (Added 2019, No. 47, § 2, eff. June 10, 2019.)