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Searching 2023-2024 Session

The Vermont Statutes Online

The Vermont Statutes Online have been updated to include the actions of the 2023 session of the General Assembly.

NOTE: The Vermont Statutes Online is an unofficial copy of the Vermont Statutes Annotated that is provided as a convenience.

Title 12: Court Procedure

Chapter 001: Rules of Court

  • § 1. Rules of pleading, practice, and procedure; forms

    The Supreme Court is empowered to prescribe and amend from time to time general rules with respect to pleadings, practice, evidence, procedure, and forms for all actions and proceedings in all courts of this State. The rules thus prescribed or amended shall not abridge, enlarge, or modify any substantive rights of any person provided by law. The rules when initially prescribed or any amendments thereto, including any repeal, modification, or addition, shall take effect on the date provided by the Supreme Court in its order of promulgation, unless objected to by the Legislative Committee on Judicial Rules as provided by this chapter. If objection is made by the Legislative Committee on Judicial Rules, the initially prescribed rules in question shall not take effect until they have been reported to the General Assembly by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court at any regular, adjourned, or special session thereof, and until after the expiration of 45 legislative days of that session, including the date of the filing of the report. The General Assembly may repeal, revise, or modify any rule or amendment thereto, and its action shall not be abridged, enlarged, or modified by subsequent rule. (Amended 1967, No. 311 (Adj. Sess.), § 1, eff. March 22, 1968; 1969, No. 119, § 1, eff. April 22, 1969; 1973, No. 118, § 2, eff. Oct. 1, 1973; 1977, No. 254 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. April 19, 1978; 1981, No. 231 (Adj. Sess.), § 2; 2018, No. 8 (Sp. Sess.), § 2, eff. June 28, 2018.)

  • § 2. Definitions

    As used in sections 3 and 4 of this chapter:

    (1) “Adopting authority” means the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court or the Chief Superior Judge, where appropriate.

    (2) “Commission” means the Public Utility Commission.

    (3) “Court” means the Supreme Court, except in those instances where the statutes permit rules to be adopted by the Chief Superior Judge, in which case, the word “court” means the Chief Superior Judge.

    (4) “Rule” means a statement of general applicability that implements, interprets, or prescribes law or policy or the general procedural rules codified in Commission Rule 2.000. It includes judicial or administrative orders such as those issued under sections 31 and 37 of the Constitution of the State of Vermont and all substantive or procedural requirements of a court, which affect one or more persons who are not employees of the court, which are used by the court in the discharge of its duties. It shall not include judicial orders or opinions issued in the resolution of a case or controversy. It shall not include any orders or rules of the Commission other than the general procedural rules codified in Commission Rule 2.000. (Added 1981, No. 231 (Adj. Sess.), § 1; amended 2018, No. 8 (Sp. Sess.), § 3, eff. June 28, 2018; 2023, No. 33, § 7, eff. July 1, 2023.)

  • § 3. Legislative Committee on Judicial Rules

    (a) There is created a joint legislative committee to be known as the Legislative Committee on Judicial Rules. The Legislative Committee on Judicial Rules shall be composed of eight members of the General Assembly to be appointed for two-year terms ending on February 1 of odd-numbered years as follows: four members of the House of Representatives to be appointed by the Speaker of the House, and four members of the Senate to be appointed by the Committee on Committees. The Committee shall elect a chair and a vice chair from among its members.

    (b) The Committee shall meet as necessary for the prompt discharge of its duties and may use the staff and services of the Office of Legislative Counsel and the Office of Legislative Operations. The Committee shall adopt rules to govern its operation and organization. A quorum of the Committee shall consist of five members. For attendance at a meeting when the General Assembly is not in session, members of the Legislative Committee on Judicial Rules shall be entitled to the same per diem compensation and reimbursement for necessary expenses as provided members of standing committees under 2 V.S.A. § 23.

    (c) The Legislative Committee on Judicial Rules may hold public hearings on a proposed or previously adopted rule on its own initiative. The Committee shall give public notice of any hearing at least 10 days in advance and shall notify the Court. Any public hearing shall be scheduled at a time and place chosen to afford opportunity for affected persons to present their views.

    (d) In addition to its powers under section 4 of this title concerning rules, the Committee may, in a similar manner, conduct public hearings, object, and notify the Court or Commission of objections concerning existing rules. A rule reviewed under this subsection shall remain in effect until amended or repealed.

    (e) Rules or amendments thereto promulgated by the Supreme Court or the Commission, including any repeal, modification, or addition to existing rules, shall be submitted to the Legislative Committee on Judicial Rules at least 60 days prior to their effective date. (Added 1981, No. 231 (Adj. Sess.), § 1; amended 1983, No. 14, eff. March 28, 1983; 1983, No. 88, § 14, eff. July 3, 1983; 1983, No. 189 (Adj. Sess.); 2003, No. 2, § 1, eff. Feb. 21, 2003; 2019, No. 144 (Adj. Sess.), § 26; 2023, No. 33, § 8, eff. July 1, 2023.)

  • § 4. Review by legislative committee

    (a) The Legislative Committee on Judicial Rules, by majority vote of the entire Committee, may object to proposed rules or amendments and recommend that the Court or the Commission amend or withdraw the proposal. The Court or the Commission shall be notified promptly of the objections. The Court or the Commission may respond in writing to the Committee. After receipt of a response, the Committee may withdraw or modify its objections.

    (b) The Committee shall report on each proposal with the Committee’s recommendations annually to the General Assembly on or before January 10. (Added 1981, No. 231 (Adj. Sess.), § 1; amended 2023, No. 33, § 9, eff. July 1, 2023.)

  • § 5. Dissemination of electronic case records

    (a) The Court shall not permit public access via the Internet to criminal, family, or probate case records. The Court may permit criminal justice agencies, as defined in 20 V.S.A. § 2056a, Internet access to criminal case records for criminal justice purposes, as defined in 20 V.S.A. § 2056a.

    (b) This section shall not be construed to prohibit the Court from providing electronic access to:

    (1) court schedules of the Superior Court or opinions of the Criminal Division of the Superior Court;

    (2) State agencies in accordance with data dissemination contracts entered into under Rule 12 of the Vermont Rules for Public Access to Court Records; or

    (3) decisions, recordings of oral arguments, briefs, and printed cases of the Supreme Court. (Added 2007, No. 165 (Adj. Sess.), § 1; amended 2009, No. 154 (Adj. Sess.), § 65; 2013, No. 67, § 9; 2019, No. 40, § 1; 2023, No. 46, § 7, eff. June 5, 2023.)