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Searching 2021-2022 Session

The Vermont Statutes Online

 

Title 8: Banking and Insurance

Chapter 210: MUTUAL OR COOPERATIVE HOLDING COMPANY

  • § 20101. Reorganization of a mutual or cooperative financial institution as a mutual holding company

    A Vermont mutual or cooperative financial institution may reorganize, under a plan of reorganization adopted by the financial institution and submitted to and approved by the Commissioner as provided in this chapter, as a mutual holding company owning an investor-owned mutual holding company subsidiary financial institution in the following manner:

    (1) By taking or causing to be taken the following actions:

    (A) organizing a mutual holding company subsidiary financial institution in accordance with the procedures in section 20102 and chapter 202 of this title, the voting common stock or other ownership interest of which will be owned by the mutual holding company emerging from the reorganization, except otherwise permitted in section 20106 of this title;

    (B) transferring to the mutual holding company subsidiary financial institution the substantial part of its assets and liabilities, including all of its insured liabilities, in exchange for voting common stock or other ownership interest of the mutual holding company subsidiary financial institution; and

    (C) adopting amended and restated organizational documents changing its name, and conforming its organization, governance, and powers to those prescribed for a mutual holding company by section 20104 of this title; or

    (2) Pursuant to any other form of restructuring approved by the Commissioner. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 20102. Procedure for adopting a plan of reorganization

    (a) Plan of reorganization. The plan of reorganization pursuant to which the reorganization is to be carried out, and the proposed amended organizational documents, shall be approved by the governing body of the mutual or cooperative financial institution by resolution adopted by two-thirds of the whole number of the governing body. The plan of reorganization, along with the proposed amended organizational documents, shall then be submitted for adoption to a regular or special meeting of the mutual voters of the financial institution called in the manner provided by its internal governance documents. Copies or summaries of the plan and amended organizational documents shall be enclosed with the notice of the meeting. Adoption of the plan of reorganization shall be by the affirmative vote of two-thirds of the mutual voters casting votes. A mutual voter may vote at such regular or special meeting either in person or by proxy executed in writing by the mutual voter or by his or her duly authorized attorney-in-fact.

    (b) Notice to Commissioner. A mutual or cooperative financial institution, having adopted a plan of reorganization in accordance with subsection (a) of this section, shall provide the Commissioner with 60 days prior written notice of the proposed reorganization. The notice shall include the plan of reorganization, accompanied by certified copies of the votes of its governing body and mutual voters required by subsection (a) of this section, and such other relevant information as the Commissioner shall require. Unless the Commissioner, within such 60-day notice period, disapproves the proposed mutual holding company reorganization, or extends for another 30 days the period during which such disapproval may issue, the proposed reorganization shall be deemed approved and the mutual or cooperative financial institution providing such notice may proceed with the proposed reorganization. The Commissioner may disapprove any proposed mutual holding company formation only if:

    (1) such disapproval is necessary to prevent unsafe or unsound banking practices;

    (2) the financial or management resources of the financial institution warrant disapproval;

    (3) the mutual or cooperative financial institution does not furnish the information required by this section;

    (4) the mutual or cooperative financial institution does not comply with subsection (a) of this section; or

    (5) the proposed reorganization would be unfair to depositors.

    (c) Notice to depositors. After a mutual or cooperative financial institution has complied with the provisions of subsections (a) and (b) of this section, it shall give its depositors at least 60 days prior written notice of the effective date of the reorganization. Such notice shall include a brief description of the plan of reorganization and a statement of the depositor's right to withdraw any amount deposited to his or her account without penalty. The form of such notice shall be approved by the Commissioner and shall be sent to each depositor by first class mail. Any depositor objecting to the reorganization within 60 days of such notice may withdraw any amounts on deposit and shall be paid the full amount of the deposit, with interest to the date of payment computed at the rate established by the deposit agreement or, in the absence of an agreement, at the rate paid by the financial institution on other similar interest bearing accounts. Any depositor who does not withdraw the amount deposited to his or her credit prior to the effective date of the reorganization shall be deemed to have assented to the reorganization. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 20103. Retention of capital assets at holding company level

    With the approval of the Commissioner, the plan of reorganization of a mutual or cooperative financial institution may provide for the retention of capital assets at the mutual holding company level, provided such retention will not cause the mutual holding company subsidiary financial institution to fail to meet any applicable capital adequacy requirement prescribed by state or federal laws or regulations. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 20104. Effect of reorganization; ownership and governance

    (a)(1) The organizational existence of the reorganizing mutual or cooperative financial institution shall not terminate, and the mutual holding company resulting from the reorganization shall be deemed to be a continuation of the entity of such financial institution, not as a depository institution but as a financial institution holding company. The depositors of the mutual or cooperative financial institution immediately prior to the reorganization shall be entitled to deposits in the mutual holding company subsidiary financial institution of like amounts, interest rate, and other terms, without interruption of interest and such deposits shall continue to be insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation up to the maximum amount provided by law. The depositors of the mutual or cooperative financial institution immediately before the reorganization, shall, by virtue of the reorganization, have proprietary interests in the net worth of the mutual holding company of the same nature, rights, and proportions as the proprietary interests which they had in the mutual or cooperative financial institution immediately prior to the reorganization, in lieu of such former interests. Except as otherwise set forth in this section with respect to the rights of depositors, creditors of the reorganizing mutual or cooperative financial institution immediately prior to the reorganization shall be deemed to have such rights as creditors solely with respect to the mutual holding company subsidiary financial institution upon consummation of the reorganization.

    (2) Except as otherwise specifically provided in the plan of reorganization adopted pursuant to section 20102 of this title, upon consummation of the reorganization into mutual holding company form, the mutual holding company subsidiary financial institution shall by operation of law be deemed to have succeeded to all rights of or in all tangible or intangible property, franchises, and interests of the mutual or cooperative financial institution, including appointments, designations, nominations, and all other rights and interests as trustee, executor, administrator, registrar of stocks and bonds, guardian of estates, assignee, and every other fiduciary capacity, in the same manner and to the same extent as such rights, franchises, and interests were held or enjoyed by the reorganizing mutual or cooperative financial institution immediately prior to the effective date of the reorganization, and without further additional assignment, appointment, or designation.

    (b)(1) A mutual holding company shall not issue capital stock. Its net earnings and net worth shall inure to the benefit of the persons who are from time to time the savings depositors of its mutual holding company subsidiary financial institution and any other persons acquiring proprietary interests in the earnings and net worth of the mutual holding company, whether by merger or otherwise. Such net earnings may be distributed among such depositors and other persons at such times and in such equitable manner as the governing body of the mutual holding company, in its discretion, may determine. Apart from any such distributions, the proportionate proprietary interests of such depositors and other persons in the net earnings and net worth of the mutual holding company shall be realized only upon liquidation of the mutual holding company after the claims of all of its creditors have been satisfied. The proprietary interest of any depositor of the mutual holding company subsidiary financial institution in the net earnings and net worth of the mutual holding company shall terminate upon the complete withdrawal by such depositor of his or her accounts. Neither the depositors of the mutual holding company subsidiary financial institution nor any other persons acquiring proprietary interests in the mutual holding company shall have any voting rights in the organization.

    (2) The powers of the mutual holding company shall vest in its corporators or governing body, as the case may be. The initial corporators or directors shall consist of such of the persons who were serving as corporators or directors of the reorganizing mutual or cooperative financial institution immediately prior to the reorganization and as are named in the plan of reorganization. Thereafter, the corporators or directors shall be chosen from time to time in the manner set forth in the internal governance documents of the mutual holding company. The management of the mutual holding company shall be vested in its governing body, who shall be elected by the corporators in the case of a mutual financial institution. The initial governing body shall consist of such of the persons who were serving as the directors of the mutual or cooperative financial institution immediately prior to the reorganization and as are named in the plan of reorganization. Such persons shall hold office until the first annual meeting of the corporators and until their successors have been chosen and qualified. The governing body shall hold an organizational meeting immediately following consummation of the reorganization for the adoption of internal governance documents and the election of officers in such manner as the internal governance documents may prescribe. Any action by a mutual holding company which, if taken by a business corporation, would require the approval of its shareholders under 11A V.S.A. chapter 10, 11, 12, or 14, shall require the vote of concurrence of the corporators of the mutual holding company and in such proportion of the corporators as would be required for the approval of similar action by shareholders of a business corporation.

    (3) The general purpose of a mutual holding company shall be conducting and carrying on the business and activities of a financial institution holding company. A mutual holding company shall not take deposits. It shall have the general powers of business corporations as set forth in  11A V.S.A. § 3.02 and shall have the powers of, and be subject to the limitations on, bank holding companies under the federal Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended or the Savings and Loan Holding Company Act, as amended, as the case may be. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing and subject to provisions of applicable state and federal law, a mutual holding company may:

    (A) invest in the stocks and securities of any depository institution;

    (B) acquire control of any depository institution;

    (C) merge or consolidate with or otherwise acquire another mutual holding company;

    (D) merge or consolidate any subsidiary of the mutual holding company with another subsidiary thereof or transfer all or a portion of the assets of one such subsidiary to another;

    (E) make capital contributions and loans to its subsidiaries and affiliates and otherwise assist them financially;

    (F) engage in, directly or indirectly through a subsidiary, any non-banking activity authorized for a bank holding company under state or federal law or regulation;

    (G) issue capital debentures;

    (H) pledge the common stock of its subsidiaries to secure the indebtedness of the mutual holding company, provided that the proceeds of such indebtedness are used to fund the business operations, or to effect other business purposes, of the mutual holding company or its subsidiaries; and

    (I) sell or transfer the common stock of its mutual holding company subsidiary financial institution, provided that the Commissioner has approved the transaction, and provided further that it does not result in the mutual holding company holding less than 51 percent of the outstanding stock of the mutual holding company subsidiary financial institution.

    (4) A mutual holding company may convert from mutual to investor-owned form subject to the same procedures and requirements as are applicable to the conversion of a mutual or cooperative financial institution to investor-owned form under chapter 206 of this title.

    (5) The mutual holding company shall obtain the Commissioner's approval before entering into any transaction described in subdivision (b)(3)(B), (C), or (D) of this section. In addition to any other applicable law governing the approval of the transaction, the Commissioner shall disapprove any transaction which is unfair to the holders of the proprietary interests in the mutual holding company. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 20105. Chartering of mutual holding company subsidiary financial institution

    (a) Procedures. The procedures for the organization of a mutual holding company subsidiary financial institution shall be as prescribed in chapter 202 of this title, except that:

    (1) A majority of the governing body of the reorganizing mutual or cooperative financial institution may serve as the incorporators of the mutual holding company subsidiary financial institution being formed and as the petitioners seeking approval of its incorporation.

    (2) The initial capital requirement of section 12103 of this title shall not apply prior to the effective date of the reorganization.

    (3) If the Commissioner grants the petition under 12102 of this title, he or she shall condition such approval upon the transfer by the reorganizing mutual or cooperative financial institution to the mutual holding company subsidiary financial institution (in organization), before such transferee shall commence business, of assets having a value in excess of the amount of the transferred liabilities, as determined by the Commissioner, such that the mutual holding company subsidiary financial institution will at the time of such transfer meet all applicable net worth and capital adequacy requirements prescribed by state or federal statutes or regulations.

    (b) Filing of amended charter. Contemporaneously with consummation of the reorganization, duplicate originals of the amended and restated charter adopted by the mutual or cooperative financial institution under section 20102 of this title, governing the continuing entity as a mutual holding company, shall be filed in the Office of the Secretary of State. The amended and restated charter of the continuing entity as a mutual holding company shall take effect as of the date of the filing of such duplicate originals in the Office of the Secretary of State. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 20106. Issuance of capital stock and debentures by reorganized savings financial institution

    A mutual holding company subsidiary financial institution may issue up to 49 percent of its voting common stock to persons other than the mutual holding company. Depositors of a mutual holding company subsidiary financial institution at the time of commencement of any public offering of voting common stock shall be given the opportunity to participate in such offering in accordance with terms reasonably established by the governing body. A mutual holding company subsidiary financial institution may issue nonvoting stock, preferred stock, or capital debentures to the mutual holding company or to any person other than the mutual holding company. The issuance of stock or debentures by a mutual holding company subsidiary financial institution shall be subject to the procedures and requirements of chapter 204 of this title; provided, however, that the liquidation rights of any preferred shareholders shall be limited to repayment of their original investment in such shares and any dividends earned but unpaid prior to such liquidation. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)