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Title 8: Banking and Insurance

Chapter 209: CONSERVATION, LIQUIDATION, AND INSOLVENCY

  • Subchapter 001: Applicability of Chapter; Payments Restrained to Preserve Assets or Protect Depositors
  • § 19101. Applicability to Vermont financial institutions; independent trust companies; state financial institutions

    (a) The provisions of subchapters 1 through 4 of this chapter apply to Vermont financial institutions. The provisions of subchapters 2, 3, and 4 of this chapter shall also apply to independent trust companies organized and regulated under chapter 77 of this title as if they were financial institutions.

    (b) The provisions of subchapter 5 of this chapter shall apply to state financial institutions doing business in this State. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19102. Governor's proclamation

    Whenever it appears to the Governor that the public welfare and the equal protection of depositors in Vermont financial institutions doing business in this State require it, he or she may proclaim such bank holidays as in his or her judgment are necessary. Those holidays, except as otherwise provided in the proclamation, shall not be considered as business days for the transaction of all banking business, including the demand or payment of deposits, and shall have the incidents of a legal holiday for the purposes specified in 9A V.S.A. Article 3. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19103. Business restricted

    During holidays and subject to the provisions of the proclamation, the Commissioner, in addition to all other powers conferred by law, may order any Vermont financial institution to restrict all or any part of its business, and to limit or postpone for any length of time the payment of any amount or proportion of the deposits in savings, commercial, or any other department thereof, separate and distinct from the other, as the Commissioner may deem necessary or expedient and may regulate further payments therefrom as to time and amount, as the interest of the public or the financial institution or the depositors thereof may require. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19104. Restrictions continued after holidays

    After those holidays, the order may be continued in effect as to any particular financial institution if, in the opinion of the Commissioner, circumstances warrant or require the continuance and the Governor approves. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19105. Orders as to deposits and debts due financial institution

    During those holidays and so long thereafter as the Governor approves, the Commissioner may issue such orders as to the receipt and payment of deposits by, and the creation and discharge of debts and obligations to or from a Vermont financial institution under the Commissioner's supervision, as the Commissioner may deem necessary for the protection and preservation of the public safety and convenience or the equal protection of those Vermont financial institution's depositors in view of then existing banking, business, or other pertinent conditions. Those orders may apply to any Vermont financial institution, as may be necessary for those purposes; and the orders may restrict or regulate all business or any part of the business of a financial institution affected thereby, including the time or manner or medium of payment, or limitations on the amount or percentages of payment of deposits or of debts or obligations, or the investment or the loaning of money, or the approval and acceptance of security for new loans. The orders may classify financial institutions or departments thereof or deposits or assets and liabilities and may vary with the different classes, as may be required for fulfilling the purposes of this section and sections 19102 through 19104 of this title. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19106. Withdrawals, rateable share of depositor's interest

    While restrictions are in force on the withdrawal of the deposits in a Vermont mutual or cooperative financial institution, except those imposed by the financial institution under the provisions of its internal governance documents, withdrawals shall be counted as a part of the rateable share of the withdrawing depositor's interest in the assets of a mutual or cooperative financial institution to which he or she was entitled at the time the restrictions were imposed if final liquidation of the financial institution takes place before all those restrictions are removed. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19107. Publication of orders

    Orders under sections 19103 through 19106 of this title may be promulgated and notice thereof given in such manner as the Commissioner determines and may be amended, modified, changed, expanded, or revoked in whole or in part whenever in his or her judgment circumstances warrant or require. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19108. Appeal; receiver

    The propriety and necessity of the orders issued by the Commissioner under sections 19103 through 19107 of this title shall be open to review upon action brought in the usual form by an aggrieved party within 14 days to the Superior Court of Washington County. No injunction may be issued without prior notice to the Commissioner, and the court, on motion of the Commissioner, may appoint a temporary receiver of a financial institution involved in those proceedings. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001; amended 2017, No. 11, § 7.)

  • § 19109. New commercial or savings deposits authorized; withdrawals

    The Commissioner, by order, may authorize Vermont financial institutions thereafter to receive new commercial deposits or new savings deposits, and the new deposits shall be special deposits and designated as new commercial deposits or new savings deposits, as the case may be, and shall be segregated from all other deposits. New commercial deposits shall also be segregated from new savings deposits. They may be invested only in assets approved by the Commissioner as being sufficiently liquid to be available when needed to meet any demands on account of those new deposits, which assets shall not be merged with other assets of the institution, but shall be held in trust for the security and payment of those new deposits, except that income from those assets, to the extent authorized by the Commissioner, may be used by the financial institution for other proper purposes of the institution. The withdrawal of those new deposits shall not be subject in any respect to restriction or limitation under this section and sections 19102 through 19108 of this title. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19110. Costs and expenses

    Costs and expenses incurred by the Commissioner in the exercise of powers given under sections 19101 through 19109 of this title may be assessed by the Commissioner against the Vermont financial institutions concerned and, when so assessed, shall be paid by those financial institutions. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)


  • Subchapter 002: Financial Institution Conservators
  • § 19201. Appointment and bonding of conservators

    Whenever the Commissioner deems it necessary in order to conserve the assets of a Vermont financial institution for the benefit of the depositors and other creditors thereof, the Commissioner may appoint a conservator for the financial institution and require of the conservator such bond and security as the Commissioner deems proper. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19202. Conservation of assets

    Under the direction of the Commissioner, the conservator shall take possession of the books, records, and assets of every description of the Vermont financial institution and take such action as may be necessary to conserve the assets thereof pending further disposition of its business as provided by law. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19203. Powers of conservator

    The conservator shall have all the rights, powers, and privileges possessed by receivers consistent with this subchapter and shall be subject to the obligations and penalties to which receivers are subject. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19204. Rights of interested parties

    During the time the conservator remains in possession of the Vermont financial institution, the rights of all parties with respect thereto, subject to the provisions of law, shall be the same as if a receiver had been appointed therefor. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19205. Fiduciary powers; appointment of new trustee for trust accounts

    The conservator shall have the right to exercise all the fiduciary powers which the Vermont financial institution had been exercising. However, if all of the beneficiaries, named in any trust that the financial institution for which the conservator is appointed was trustee, desire another trustee appointed to administer and manage the trust, the Probate Division may appoint a new trustee for the trust. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19206. Expenses; salary

    All expenses of any such conservatorship shall be paid out of the assets of the financial institution and shall be a lien thereon which shall be prior to any other lien provided by law. The conservator shall receive as salary an amount to be fixed by the Governor. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19207. Withdrawals

    While the financial institution is in the hands of the conservator appointed by the Commissioner, the Commissioner may require the conservator to set aside and make available for withdrawal by depositors and payment to other creditors, on a rateable basis, such amounts as in the opinion of the Commissioner may safely be used for this purpose. The conservator may borrow money on the assets of the financial institution to provide funds therefor. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19208. Deposits

    (a) In the Commissioner's discretion, the Commissioner may permit the conservator to receive deposits, but deposits received while the financial institution is in the hands of the conservator shall not be subject to any limitation as to payment or withdrawal, and those deposits shall be segregated and shall not be used to liquidate any indebtedness of the financial institution existing at the time that a conservator was appointed to it, or any subsequent indebtedness incurred for the purpose of liquidating any indebtedness of the financial institution existing at the time the conservator was appointed.

    (b) Deposits so received while the financial institution is in the hands of the conservator shall be kept on hand in cash, invested in the direct obligations of the United States, or deposited in financial institutions approved by the Commissioner. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19209. Termination of conservatorship

    If the Commissioner becomes satisfied that it may safely be done and that it would be in the public interest, in the Commissioner's discretion, the Commissioner may terminate the conservatorship and permit the financial institution to resume the transaction of its business subject to such terms, conditions, restrictions and limitations as the Commissioner may prescribe. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19210. Notice to depositors of termination of conservatorship

    In case the Commissioner, in the exercise of the Commissioner's discretion, is satisfied that it would be in the public interest to terminate the conservatorship either with or without reorganization, before the conservator shall turn back the affairs of the Vermont financial institution to its governing body, the Commissioner shall cause to be published in a newspaper in the city, town, or county in which the financial institution is located, a notice in form approved by the Commissioner stating the date on which the affairs of the financial institution will be returned to its governing body. On the date of the publication of that notice, the conservator shall immediately send to every person who is a depositor in the financial institution a copy of that notice by mail, addressed to the last known address of that person as shown by the records of the financial institution, and the conservator shall send similar notice in like manner to every person making a deposit in that financial institution under section 19208 of this title after the date of that newspaper publication and before the time when the affairs of the financial institution are returned to its governing body. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)


  • Subchapter 003: Receivership and Dissolution
  • § 19301. Application for receiver; petition to divide losses

    If the Commissioner ascertains in any manner that a Vermont financial institution is insolvent or that it is unsafe for it to continue to transact business, the Commissioner shall apply to the Superior Court of Washington County for the appointment of a receiver, unless, in case of a mutual or cooperative financial institution, the Commissioner deems it advisable to join with the governing body in a petition to divide the losses among the depositors as hereinafter provided. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19302. Appointment of receiver; notice and hearing

    The Court shall thereupon issue a notice to the treasurer and executive officer of such Vermont financial institution to appear at a time and place therein named and show cause why a receiver should not be appointed. If sufficient cause is not shown, the Court shall appoint a receiver to take charge of the property and effects of the financial institution, who shall be subject to the Superior Court. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19303. Bonding of receiver

    The receiver shall give bonds to the State with sufficient surety, in a sum fixed by the Court, for the faithful discharge of his or her duties and for the due accounting of the monies received by the receiver. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19304. Commissioner as receiver

    The Commissioner shall be appointed as such receiver unless the Superior judge is satisfied that it would be inadvisable for the Commissioner to act in that capacity. The Commissioner and successors of the Commissioner as receiver shall serve without compensation other than his or her stated compensation as Commissioner, but the Commissioner shall be allowed clerical and other expense necessary in the conduct of the receivership. The Court may appoint the Commissioner's successor in office as receiver. However, if a change in the receivership, in the judgment of the Superior judge, would be against the financial interest of those concerned, the Court may continue the receiver in office at such reasonable compensation as the Court may determine. If the deposits of the insolvent financial institution are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Superior judge, in his or her discretion, may appoint as receiver of the financial institution the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation to serve without bonds and without compensation. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19305. Duties and rights of receiver

    The receiver shall collect, sue, and receive the debts and demands due and the property that belong to the Vermont financial institution and shall convert into cash its real and personal estate and, upon the approval of the Superior judge, may borrow money and pledge any part or all of the assets of such financial institution as security for such loan and shall make report to the Court of the condition of the trust at such times as the Superior judge orders. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19306. Federal deposit insurance corporation

    If the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation shall have been appointed receiver of a closed Vermont financial institution, it may advance, with the consent and approval of the Superior judge, monies to pay insured deposits or for other proper purposes and shall have a lien upon all or any part of the assets of such financial institution as the Court may direct for the repayment of such advances, which shall be deemed to be in the nature of a loan, but provision shall be made in such order to secure ultimately as large a percentage payment on account of uninsured deposits as would be finally available for such deposits if such assets were not so pledged. The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, whether or not acting as receiver, may become the purchaser of any assets of such Vermont financial institution which have been offered for public bids, under such terms and conditions as the Superior judge may direct, provided that the purchase be approved by the Superior judge after hearing held on such reasonable notice by publication or otherwise as the Superior judge may direct. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19307. Subrogation

    Whenever any Vermont financial institution shall have been closed, and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation shall pay the insured deposit liabilities of such closed institution, such corporation, whether or not it shall have become a receiver of such closed financial institution, shall be subrogated to the extent of such payment to all rights of the owners of such deposits against such closed financial institution. The Superior judge shall by order define the manner and extent of such subrogation. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19308. Order

    When on hearing and after such reasonable notice as the Superior judge may direct, any order as to a lien upon assets of a closed Vermont financial institution or of subrogation to the rights of depositors therein shall have been made by such Superior judge under the authority of sections 19304 through 19307 of this title, and no objections thereto shall have been filed within ten days after the making of the order, the same order shall be binding and effective to the extent necessary to secure the repayment of moneys which shall have been advanced thereon. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19309. Limitation on time for proving claims

    (a) By order, the Superior judge shall limit the time for creditors of the Vermont financial institution to present and prove their claims before the receiver.

    (b) Within 60 days from the date of such order, the receiver shall cause notice thereof to be given by publication for three weeks successively in a newspaper printed and circulated in the county where such Vermont financial institution is located. The time allowed for creditors to present and prove their claims shall not be less than six months and may be extended as circumstances require. Claims not presented within the time limit shall not share in the assets of the Vermont financial institution. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19310. Submission of disallowed claims to Superior judge

    Claims presented to the receiver, upon his or her request or upon that of a person interested in the financial institution, or upon request of a creditor within 20 days after notice of the disallowance of his or her claim in whole or in part, shall be submitted to the Superior judge for the purpose of proving the same at such time and in such manner as the Superior judge orders. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19311. Order to discontinue unauthorized practices

    Whenever it appears to the Commissioner from the examination made by him or her, or from any report made to him or her, that a Vermont financial institution has committed a violation of its charter or of law, or is conducting its business and affairs in an unsafe or unauthorized manner, or that it or any of its officers have failed to comply with all the rules, restrictions, and conditions provided by law, including the rules and requirements of the Commissioner made in conformity to law, the Commissioner shall, by a written order delivered to the treasurer of such organization and the offending officer or officers, direct such organization and such officer or officers to discontinue such illegal, unsafe, or unauthorized practices or conduct, and to proceed in strict conformity with the requirements of law. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19312. Failure to comply with Commissioner's order

    If such financial institution or any of its officers refuses or neglects to comply with such order, the Commissioner may apply to the Superior Court of Washington County for such an injunction or order against such financial institution and its officers as the circumstances require. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19313. Authority of Court to enforce Commissioner's order

    The Court shall thereupon issue a notice to the treasurer and president of such financial institution and to any officer who is alleged in such petition to have failed to proceed in conformity with the requirements of law, to appear at a time and place named therein and show cause why an injunction or proper remedial order should not be issued. If sufficient cause is not shown, the Court shall have power:

    (1) To allow such financial institution to continue to transact business in conformity with the requirements of law subject to such orders, conditions or restrictions as the evidence in the case and the interests involved shall require; or

    (2) If it appears that it is unsafe or inexpedient for such financial institution to continue to transact business, to appoint a receiver or receivers to take charge of the property and effects of the financial institution; and such receivership shall be subject to the provisions of this subchapter applicable in case of a receiver appointed on petition of the Commissioner on ascertainment of a financial institution's insolvency. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19314. Accounting and report of receiver

    Annually, on or before January 31, and at such other time as may be required by the Commissioner, so long as the receivership is continued, the receiver of a financial institution shall make and transmit to the Commissioner a full statement of the affairs of such institution showing the nature and amount of the assets and liabilities, also a true account of the expenses incurred and not previously reported, giving the items thereof. Such report shall be printed with and as a part of the annual report of the Commissioner. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19315. Appeal

    A person dissatisfied with an order or decree of the Superior judge in any proceeding arising under this chapter may appeal therefrom as in other cases. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)


  • Subchapter 004: Reorganization or Establishment of New Financial Institution
  • § 19401. Plan for reopening or establishment of new financial institution

    If any Vermont financial institution has been closed by action of the Commissioner or its governing body and a receiver, either temporary or permanent, appointed or petitioned for, the depositors thereof, representing not less than 75 percent of the deposit liability, and with the approval and consent of the Commissioner, may join in a plan for the reopening or reorganization of the financial institution or the establishing of a new financial institution, and may select a committee of not more than 12 depositors to represent them for the purpose of carrying the plan into effect. However, a depositor who has been notified and does not refuse to give his or her consent within 15 days of that notification shall be included in reckoning that 75 percent. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19402. Petitioning Court for hearing; notice; hearing; approval of plan

    (a) Upon receiving the approval of the plan by the Commissioner, the committee or the Commissioner may petition the Superior Court of Washington County, setting forth the details of the plan which has been agreed upon and requesting the court to set a day for hearing thereon. Thereupon the Court shall make an order fixing a day for the hearing of the petition, notice of which shall be given to the depositors and the holders of equity interests in the financial institution by publication once in each week for not less than two successive weeks immediately preceding the date of hearing in some newspaper printed in the county where the financial institution's principal place of business is located, or in such other newspaper, having a general circulation in the county, as the Court may direct and by posting a copy of the notice upon the front door of the financial institution.

    (b) The Court may adjourn the hearing from time to time and no further notice shall be required. At the date of hearing, or any adjournment thereof, the Court shall take testimony, and if it appears that it is for the best interests of the depositors that the plan be approved, the Court may make an order approving the same and fixing the terms and conditions upon which the receivership may be terminated. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19403. Depositor's objection to plan; receivership continued

    If any of the depositors of the Vermont financial institution file written objections to the approval of the plan and refuse to consent thereto, the Court at the hearing may direct the receiver to set aside assets of each class of the receivership, in such amounts and character as the Court finds to be just and equitable. Upon such terms as may be just and equitable, the Court shall continue the receivership as to those assets and those depositors, and direct the receiver to turn over the remainder of the assets of the financial institution in his or her hands to the new or reorganized financial institution when directed so to do by the Commissioner, and discharge the receiver from further liability in relation thereto. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19404. Deposits of public money

    If, in any financial institution referred to in section 19401 of this title, there are deposits of public money belonging to the State or any political subdivision thereof, the State Treasurer, if the deposit belongs to the State, and the Treasurer of any political subdivision thereof, by and with the consent of the governing body of the political subdivision to which any such deposit may belong, may join with other depositors of the financial institution in a plan for the reopening or reorganizing thereof or the establishment of a new financial institution, or the restricting of the withdrawal of deposits and for that purpose may bind the State or political subdivision thereof after being duly authorized so to do as herein provided, to limit withdrawals from that deposit over a period of time and in accordance with the plan as may have been agreed to by the other depositors of the financial institution joining in the plan. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19405. Deposits not paid or received; business continued

    When a proceeding has been brought under section 19401 of this title, a deposit shall not be paid or received by that financial institution after the filing of the petition until the final decree of the Superior judge or, unless the Commissioner, in his or her discretion, and under such orders as the Commissioner may prescribe and from time to time alter and amend, permits the financial institution to continue in business pending final decree. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19406. Orders under which financial institution may continue business

    Those orders shall provide that deposits received after the petition is filed and before the final decree shall be kept in cash or invested in such liquid securities as the Commissioner shall approve and segregated from the prior assets of the financial institution and shall constitute a fund for the repayment in full of deposits made after the filing of the petition. Those orders shall further provide that no withdrawal of prior deposits may be permitted except on such notice and to such specified amounts and in such specified percentage as the Commissioner determines clearly will not result in a preference. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19407. Expenses; deposits received after petition filed

    The expense of operation between filing of the petition and final decree shall be apportioned between the original assets and the new assets in such manner as the Superior judge may deem just. The deposits received between the filing of the petition and the final decree shall not be reduced by the decree except only to meet those expenses of operation, if any, or losses incurred with respect to those segregated assets. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19408. Petition denied; receiver to wind up affairs

    If the petition is denied, the Commissioner shall apply for a receiver to wind up the affairs of the financial institution, as provided in sections 19301 through 19315 of this title. In that case, the deposits, if any, received after petition filed and the assets resulting therefrom shall be administered separately from the other assets and liabilities, and those assets shall be distributed to the depositors by the receiver as soon as possible after his or her appointment and without deduction on account of the expense of the receivership except as provided in section 19407 of this title. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)

  • § 19501. State Financial Institutions

  • § 19501. Petition; powers; procedure

    (a) The Commissioner may apply to the Superior Court of Washington County to be appointed ancillary receiver of a state financial institution or any branch or subsidiary of a state financial institution in hazardous financial condition, if the Commissioner finds that:

    (1) the protection of customers or depositors in this State so requires;

    (2) there are sufficient assets of the state financial institution located in this State to justify the appointment of an ancillary receiver; and

    (3) the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation has not been appointed receiver of the entity.

    (b) The Court may issue an order appointing the Commissioner on whatever terms it shall deem appropriate. The Commissioner, as receiver, shall administer or liquidate the assets and deposits of such financial institution found in this State under the provisions of this chapter as though the entity were a Vermont financial institution.

    (c) If a person in the home state of the entity or the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation is appointed receiver subsequent to the appointment of the Commissioner under subsections (a) and (b) of this section, the Commissioner shall notify the Superior Court. The Court may release the Commissioner as receiver if the Court finds that the interests of Vermont customers or depositors of the entity are adequately protected in the proceedings in the home state of the entity. The Court may impose conditions on the entity to assure protection of its Vermont customers or depositors.

    (d) The filing or recording of the order with the Superior Court of Washington County or the town clerk of the town in which its principal office or place of business is located; or, in the case of real estate, with the town clerk of the town where the property is located, and such filing or recording shall impart the same notice that a deed, bill of sale, or other evidence of title duly filed or recorded with that town clerk would have imparted. (Added 1999, No. 153 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2001.)