The Vermont Statutes Online
- Subchapter 001: CREATION AND POWERS
§ 407-101. Creation
Upon approval of this agreement by the participating municipalities, as required in 24 V.S.A. chapter 121, subchapter 3, there is hereby created a union municipal district which shall be known as the Greater Upper Valley Solid Waste Management District (hereinafter referred to as the District) and which shall be a body politic and corporate.
§ 407-102. Purpose
(a) The District is created and shall exist for the purpose of providing for management of solid waste generated by member municipalities and their residents. The District shall have plenary power over solid waste management within its boundaries, consistent with the provisions of the State solid waste management plan. District solid waste management shall be based upon the philosophy expressed in the preamble to this agreement, and shall include the priorities of No. 78 of the Acts of 1989:
(1) Reduction of solid waste generated;
(2) Reuse and recycling of materials;
(3) Reduction of waste volume before disposal; and
(4) Providing land disposal for residuals.
(b) The District shall manage household hazardous waste and small quantity generator waste, and may manage other hazardous waste at its discretion. The definitions set forth in subchapter 6 section 607 shall apply throughout this agreement.
§ 407-103. Composition
The District is composed of and includes all of the lands and residents within those municipalities which vote to approve and enter into this agreement at the time of its creation, and such other municipalities as are subsequently admitted to the District as herein provided, except for those municipalities which may withdraw as herein provided.
§ 407-104. Duration
The District shall continue as a body politic and corporate unless and until dissolved according to the procedures herein set forth.
§ 407-105. Powers
Except as otherwise provided or limited herein, the District shall have the following powers:
(1) To operate, cause to be operated or contract, or both, for the operation of any and all facilities necessary for the management of solid waste or hazardous waste, and to determine and make proper charges for such services;
(2) To purchase, sell, lease, own, acquire, convey, mortgage, improve, and use real and personal property in connection with the purpose of the District;
(3) To hire and fix the compensation of employees;
(4) To sue and be sued;
(5) To enter into contracts for any term or duration;
(6) To contract with individuals, corporations, associations, authorities, and agencies for services;
(7) To provide solid waste management services for the member municipalities, the inhabitants thereof, and the businesses therein, and for such others as its facilities and obligations may allow; provided that acceptance of solid waste generated outside the District is necessary to fulfill the purpose as stated in section 102 of this subchapter;
(8) To contract to pay for solid waste disposal on the basis of guaranteed volume, type, amount, or tonnage, whether or not delivered and accepted for disposal or the means of management, with payments based on such guaranteed volume, type, amount, or tonnage regardless of whether or not such solid waste so delivered is actually disposed of or subjected to other means of management; provided, however, that any such contract shall be consistent with the State solid waste management plan then in effect; and further provided that payments under any such contract may be variable and may be determined by formulae expressed in such contract;
(9) To contract with the State of Vermont, the United States of America, or any subdivision or agency thereof for services;
(10) To contract with any member municipality for facilities or the services of any officers or employees of that municipality useful to it;
(11) To promote cooperative arrangements and coordinated action among its member municipalities;
(12) To make recommendations for review and action to its member municipalities and other public agencies which perform functions within the region in which its member municipalities are located;
(13) To exercise any other powers which are necessary or desirable for dealing with solid waste problems of mutual concern and which are exercised or are capable of exercise by any of its member municipalities;
(14) To exercise the power of eminent domain;
(15) To borrow money and issue evidence of indebtedness as provided by 24 V.S.A. chapter 53;
(16) To establish a budget and assess member municipalities in accordance therewith;
(17) To appropriate and expend monies;
(18) To establish sinking funds for the retirement of bonded or other indebtedness;
(19) To establish capital reserve funds for specific public improvements in furtherance of its purpose;
(20) To regulate by ordinance, rule, or regulation the collection, transportation, material recovery, recycling, and disposal of solid waste or hazardous waste within the District and to require that acceptable solid wastes generated within the District and any member municipality therein shall be disposed of only in and upon facilities operated by or on behalf of the District;
(21) To enact and enforce any and all necessary or desirable ordinances and regulations for the orderly conduct of the government and for carrying out the purpose of the District;
(22) To accept and administer gifts, grants, and bequests in trust or otherwise for the purpose of the District;
(23) To exercise all powers incident to a public corporation;
(24) To regulate the importation of solid waste into the District in accordance with standards established by the District's solid waste management plan.
§ 407-106. Transportation and collection system
Each member municipality, either directly or through independent parties, shall be responsible for providing a collection system for the solid waste generated within such member municipality and for the transportation of such solid waste to the District facilities, together with all costs incident thereto. In the event that any member municipality does not wish to institute its own collection system for delivery of the solid waste to the facilities designated by the District, then the Board of Supervisors may provide for collection and transportation as provided in section 105 of this subchapter.
§ 407-107. Responsibility to accept solid waste
(a) The District becomes responsible for providing a system for solid waste management, as delineated in subsection (b) of this section, when the Board of Supervisors declares the management system operational.
(b) The District shall provide a system for the management of all solid waste generated therein. Such system shall be revised and amended from time to time, and shall include all facilities, both public and private, for the collection, transportation, storage, treatment, disposal, and reuse of solid waste, all of which facilities shall be subject to regulation by the District. All solid waste subject to management control and regulation by the District shall be classified in accordance with the cost of managing or disposing of the same, and charges imposed by the District for such management and disposal shall be made in accordance with such costs. The District may contract with a nonmember municipality or a private entity for the disposal or management of solid waste generated outside the boundaries of the District, provided that such contract will provide a significant benefit to the District or a member thereof, and further provided that the solid waste which is the subject of any such contract shall be subject to at least as stringent standards, conditions, and controls as solid waste generated within the District.
(c) Each member municipality agrees to act as a host community in the event that the District decides to establish a solid waste management and/or material recovery facility within that member municipality.
§ 407-108. Facility siting conditions
No solid waste disposal or management facility shall be operated within the District under subsection 107(c) of this subchapter unless the District by two-thirds majority vote of its Board of Supervisors, and the host municipality by majority action of its legislative body, and the owner of such facility, shall formally agree upon the following matters:
(1) Facility management and operations, plans, and procedures.
(2) Reimbursement from the owner to the host municipality for reasonable incremental costs incurred by the host municipality for highway, culvert, and bridge improvements and maintenance attributable to the facility.
(3) Payments in lieu of taxes, royalties, and surcharges payable by the owner to the host municipality for accepting the facility and for the mitigation of impacts likely to be experienced by the host municipality by virtue of the facility.
(4) Reimbursement from the owner to the host municipality for reasonable costs incurred by the host municipality for environmental testing and monitoring relating to the facility during its operation and following closure.
(5) Approval by the host municipality of material changes in the quantity or nature of solid waste delivered to the facility.
(6) Financial arrangements, including the creation of reserve funds or adequate sureties, for facility closure, and ultimate disposition of the facility site following closure.
(7) Indemnification by the owner for any liability asserted against the host community for damage and injury arising out of or caused by the owner's operations and maintenance of the facility or solid waste disposal service provided by a public or private facility.
(8) Payment by the owner for replacement or relocation of water supplies serving property adjacent to the facility when necessary to protect public health.
(9) Leachate and residue disposal, removal, and treatment.
(10) Any other matter of importance to the District and the host. The District shall be a party to any contract between a member municipality and any entity owning or operating a solid waste disposal or management facility within the District. Upon certification of approval under subsection 107(c) of this subchapter by the District to the host municipality, the parties shall proceed in good faith to enter into an agreement with respect to the matters set forth in subdivisions (1)-(10) of this section. If within 120 days following such certification, no agreement has been reached with respect to all or any of the matters set forth in subdivisions (1)-(10) of this section, any party may require that all unresolved matters be referred to one or more arbitrators for resolution under the rules of the American Arbitration Association. Within 90 days of such referral, and if no negotiated agreement has been reached, the arbitrators shall adopt as its decision the final position of one party with respect to each of the unresolved matters set forth in subdivisions (1)-(10) of this section. In addition to the foregoing, the District may negotiate and agree with any other municipality determined by the District to be materially affected by the facility with respect to one or more of the matters set forth in subdivisions (1)-(10) of this section.
§ 407-109. Interlocal contracts
In accordance with 24 V.S.A. chapter 141, subchapter 4, the District recognizes and encourages subregional solid waste management facilities or services. Such facilities or services may be desirable for the management of some portion of the solid waste generated within the District. In the event that a group of member municipalities determines that such a subregional facility is desirable, and the board of supervisors by majority vote determines that the subregional facility is consistent with the long-term plans of the District, then, the member municipalities desiring to develop such a subregional facility may develop the facility as long as there is no adverse financial impact on nonparticipating members of the District who do not consent to such adverse financial impact.
- Subchapter 002: BOARD OF SUPERVISORS
§ 407-201. Authority
The legislative power and authority of the District and the administration and the general supervision of all fiscal, prudential, and governmental affairs thereof shall be vested in a governing body known as the Board of Supervisors, except as specifically provided otherwise in this agreement.
§ 407-202. Composition
The Board of Supervisors shall be composed of one representative from each member municipality.
§ 407-203. Appointment
On or before the last Monday in March commencing upon the formation of the District, the selectboard of each member municipality shall appoint its representative and an alternate representative to the Board of Supervisors for a term of two years. Appointments shall be in writing, signed by the chair of the selectboard, and presented to the Clerk of the District. The selectboard, by majority vote, may remove their appointed representative or alternate during the two-year term for cause. The alternate representative shall represent the municipality at all meetings of the Board of Supervisors that the regular representative is unable to attend and shall have all the rights and privileges of a regular representative. At the first organizational meeting after the formation of the District to be held under section 204 of this subchapter, one-half of the District's members shall be designated as those whose initial representatives appointed under this subchapter shall have an initial term of one year.
§ 407-204. Organizational meeting
Annually, on or before the second Monday in April, and upon notice, the Board of Supervisors shall hold its organizational meeting. At such meeting, the Board of Supervisors shall elect from among its membership a Chair and a Vice Chair, each of whom shall hold office for one year and until his or her successor is duly elected and qualified. The Chair and Vice Chair are eligible to be elected to successive terms without limit. For this election, each member of the Board of Supervisors shall cast one vote.
§ 407-205. Regular meetings
A schedule of regular meetings of the Board of Supervisors shall be established at the organizational meeting.
§ 407-206. Special meetings
Special meetings of the Board of Supervisors may be called at any time by the Chair or shall be called by the Clerk upon written request of a majority of the members of the Board of Supervisors. Except in case of emergency, each member of the Board of Supervisors shall be given at least 24-hours' notice of any special meeting of the Board of Supervisors by notice in person, by telephone, or by written notice delivered personally, mailed, or left at such member's usual place of residence. To the extent permitted by law, action may be taken at special meetings of the Board of Supervisors by means of telephonic communications.
§ 407-207. Quorum
For the purpose of transacting business, the presence of members representing more than 50 percent of the membership of the Board of Supervisors and whose accumulated votes aggregate more than 50 percent of all votes shall constitute a quorum.
§ 407-208. Voting
Each member of the Board of Supervisors shall be entitled to cast one vote for every 1,000 population, or part thereof, in the town which he or she represents. A member of the Board of Supervisors may not split his or her vote. The determination of population shall be made based upon the latest census provided by the Vermont State Planning Office.
§ 407-209. Term
Except as provided in section 203 of this subchapter, representatives and alternates to the Board of Supervisors shall hold office for two years and until their successors are duly appointed and qualified. Any representative and alternate may be reappointed to successive terms without limit.
§ 407-210. Vacancy
Any vacancy on the Board of Supervisors shall be filled within 30 days after such vacancy occurs by appointment by the authority which appointed the representative whose position has become vacant. An appointee to a vacancy shall serve until the expiration of the term of the representative to whose position the appointment was made and may thereafter be reappointed.
§ 407-211. Rules of procedures
Except as otherwise provided in this agreement, Robert's Rules of Order shall govern at all meetings.
§ 407-212. Compensation of members of Board of Supervisors
Each member municipality shall pay to its representatives to the Board of Supervisors such reimbursement or expenses as it shall determine reasonable.
- Subchapter 003: OFFICERS
§ 407-301. Officers
The officers of the District shall be the Chair and the Vice Chair of the Board of Supervisors, the Clerk of the District, and the Treasurer of the District. No person may hold more than one office at one time. The Board of Supervisors also may appoint such assistant clerks and assistant treasurers as may be deemed necessary.
§ 407-302. Bond
Prior to assuming their offices, all officers shall post fidelity bond in such amounts as shall be determined by resolution of the Board of Supervisors. The cost of such bonds shall be borne by the District.
§ 407-303. Chair
The Chair of the Board of Supervisors shall be the chief executive officer of the District. The Chair shall preside at all meetings of the Board of Supervisors and shall make and sign all contracts on behalf of the District upon approval by the Board of Supervisors. The Chair shall perform all of the duties incident to the position and office.
§ 407-304. Vice Chair
During the absence of or inability of the Chair to render or perform his or her duties or exercise his or her powers, the same shall be performed and exercised by the Vice Chair and when so acting the Vice Chair shall have all the powers and be subject to all the responsibilities hereby given to or imposed upon the Chair.
§ 407-305. Vacancy
During the absence or inability of the Vice Chair to render or perform his or her duties or exercise his or her powers, the Board of Supervisors shall elect from among its membership an acting Vice Chair who shall have the powers and be subject to all the responsibilities hereby given or imposed upon the Vice Chair.
§ 407-306. Clerk
The Clerk of the District shall be appointed by the Board of Supervisors, need not be a member of the Board, and shall serve at its pleasure. The Clerk shall have the exclusive charge and custody of the public records of the District and the Seal of the District. The Clerk shall record all votes and proceedings of the District, including meetings of the District and meetings of the Board of Supervisors, and shall cause to be posted and published all warnings of meetings of the District. The Clerk shall prepare all warnings of meetings of the District as required by section 505 of subchapter 5 of this chapter. Following approval by the Board of Supervisors, the Clerk shall cause the annual report to be distributed to the legislative branches of its member municipalities. The Clerk shall prepare and distribute any other reports required by laws of the State of Vermont and resolutions or regulations of the Board of Supervisors. The Clerk shall perform all of the duties and functions incident to the office of secretary or clerk of a body corporate.
§ 407-307. Treasurer
The Treasurer of the District shall be appointed by the Board of Supervisors, shall not be a member of the Board, and shall serve at its pleasure. The Treasurer shall have the exclusive charge and custody of the funds of the District and shall be the disbursing officer of the District. Under such conditions as established by the Board of Supervisors, the Treasurer may sign, make, or endorse in the name of the District all checks and orders for the payment of money and pay out and disburse the same and receipt therefor. The Treasurer shall keep a record of every note or bond issued by the District and of every payment thereon of principal and interest and, if coupons are taken up, shall cancel and preserve them. The Treasurer shall keep correct books of account of all the business and transactions of the District and such other books and accounts as the Board of Supervisors may require. The Treasurer shall render a statement of the condition of the finances of the District at each regular meeting of the Board of Supervisors and at such other times as shall be required of him or her. The Treasurer shall prepare the annual financial statement and the budget of the District for distribution, upon approval of the Board of Supervisors, to the legislative bodies of the member municipalities. The Treasurer shall do and perform all of the duties pertaining to the office of treasurer of a body politic and corporate. The Treasurer shall settle with the auditors within 60 days of the end of the fiscal year, at such other times as the Board of Supervisors may require, and upon retirement from office. Upon retirement from office, the Treasurer shall immediately pay over to his or her successor all of the funds belonging to the District and at the same time deliver to his or her successor all official books and papers.
§ 407-308. Records
The conduct of all meetings and public access thereto, and the maintaining of all records, books, and accounts of the District shall be governed by the laws of this State relating to open meetings and accessibility of public records.
§ 407-309. Audit
The Board of Supervisors shall cause an audit to be performed annually by an independent professional accounting firm.
§ 407-310. Committees
The Board of Supervisors shall have the authority to establish any and all committees as it may deem necessary, the powers of which shall not be in derogation of the powers, authority, or responsibility of the Board of Supervisors.
§ 407-311. Compensation of officers
Officers of the District shall be paid such compensation or reimbursement, or both, of expenses as shall be determined by the Board of Supervisors.
§ 407-312. Recall of officers
An officer may be removed by a two-thirds vote of the Board of Supervisors whenever, in their judgment, the best interest of the District will be served. For this action, each member of the Board of Supervisors shall cast one vote.
- Subchapter 004: FISCAL AFFAIRS
§ 407-401. Fiscal year
The fiscal year of the District shall commence on July 1 and end on June 30 of the following year.
§ 407-402. Budget appropriation
(a) Proposed budget. Annually, on or before December 1, the Board of Supervisors shall approve and cause to be distributed to the legislative branch of each member municipality for review and comment an annual report of its activities, including a financial statement and a proposed budget of the District for the next fiscal year. This proposed budget shall include reasonably detailed estimates of:
(1) Deficits or surpluses, or both, from prior fiscal years.
(2) Anticipated expenditures for the administration of the District.
(3) Anticipated expenditures for the operation and maintenance of any District solid waste facilities.
(4) Costs of debt service.
(5) Payments due on long term contracts.
(6) Payments due to any sinking funds for the retirement of debts.
(7) Payments due to any capital reserve funds.
(8) Anticipated revenues from tipping fees and other sources not including assessments levied on the member municipalities.
(9) The necessary appropriations to operate and carry out the District's functions for the next fiscal year.
(10) The proposed assessment, if any, to each member municipality.
(11) Such other estimates as the Board of Supervisors shall deem necessary to propose.
(b) The Board of Supervisors shall hold a public hearing on or before January 15 of each year to receive comments from the legislative bodies of member municipalities and hear all other interested persons regarding the proposed budget. Notice of such hearing shall be the same as that specified under section 503 of subchapter 5 of this chapter, public hearings. The Board of Supervisors shall give consideration to all comments received and make such changes to the proposed budget as it deems advisable.
(c) Budget adoption, tipping fees, and appropriations. Annually, on or before January 15, the Board of Supervisors shall adopt the budget, appropriate the sums which it deems necessary to operate and carry out the District's functions for the next ensuing fiscal year, set the tipping fee for the next ensuing fiscal year, and assess each member municipality, if necessary, for its proportionate share of the sums so appropriated, and adopt a schedule designating when such assessments, if any, are due and payable by the member municipalities.
(d) Apportionment of assessments. Assessments established under this subchapter shall be apportioned among the member municipalities on the basis of relative tonnage or volume of solid waste generated by or within each of the member municipalities, or by any other equitable means as determined by the Board of Supervisors. Each member municipality shall be assessed a percentage of the sum appropriated equal to the ratio which the solid waste generated by the member municipality bears to the total solid waste generated within the District. The Board of Supervisors shall determine each member municipality's solid waste generation based upon actual tonnage or volume delivered, historic tonnage or volume, computed or estimated tonnage or volume, or guaranteed tonnage or volume, whether actually delivered or not. If, after the first year of operation of any District facility, the Board of Supervisors determines that prior assessments were substantially inequitable, it may retroactively adjust prior year assessments such that municipalities overcharged are given a proportionate credit against future assessments and municipalities undercharged are assessed a proportionate surcharge payable over such period as the Board of Supervisors determines will be reasonable. Thereafter the Board of Supervisors may from time to time reestablish the percentage of solid waste generation attributed to each member municipality and adjust the assessments accordingly, but no retroactive adjustments shall be made. Similar estimates and adjustments shall be made for new member municipalities and for the first time use of a new or different disposal facility.
§ 407-403. Assessment procedure
Annually, on or before January 20 preceding the fiscal year, the Treasurer of the District shall issue and present a warrant to the legislative body of each member municipality requiring that the amount of such assessment, if any, be paid to him or her in accordance with the schedule of payments adopted by the Board of Supervisors. The legislative body of each member municipality shall draw an order on the municipal treasury for the amount of such assessment and the municipal Treasurer shall pay to the District Treasurer the amount of such order in accordance with the schedule for payments adopted by the Board of Supervisors. If any member municipality shall fail to pay when due any assessment against it by the District, it shall incur the maximum penalty allowed by law plus interest at the maximum rate allowed by law. Such penalty and interest, together with the amount due, court costs, and reasonable attorney's fees of the District may be recovered by the District in a civil action under this section, notwithstanding the availability of any other remedy available to the District.
§ 407-404. Limitations of appropriations
(a) Actions or resolutions of the Board of Supervisors for the annual appropriations of any year shall not cease to be operative at the end of the fiscal year for which they were adopted, except as otherwise provided by the laws of the State of Vermont.
(b) Appropriations made by the Board of Supervisors for the various estimates of the budget as defined in subsection 402(a) of this subchapter shall be expended only for such estimates, but by majority vote of the Board of Supervisors the budget may be amended from time to time to transfer funds between or among such estimates, except as otherwise limited herein. Any balance left or unencumbered in any such budget estimate, or the amount of any deficit at the end of the fiscal year, shall be included in and paid out of the operating budget and appropriations in the next fiscal year.
§ 407-405. Indebtedness
The Board of Supervisors may borrow money through the issuance of notes of the District for the purpose of paying current expenses of the District. Such notes must mature within one year. The Board of Supervisors may also borrow money in anticipation of grants-in-aid from any source and any revenues other than assessment through the issuance of notes of the District. Such notes must mature within one year, but may be renewed as provided by general law. The Board of Supervisors may also borrow money in anticipation of assessments to each member municipality in an amount not to exceed 90 percent of the amount assessed for each year, and may issue notes of the District which must mature within one year. The Board of Supervisors may also borrow money in anticipation of bond proceeds which have been authorized as provided herein. Said notes shall be issued as provided in 24 V.S.A. chapter 53.
§ 407-406. Long-term indebtedness
(a) Submission to voters. On a petition signed by at least five percent of the voters of the District at the last general election, the proposition of incurring a bonded debt or other indebtedness to pay for public improvements or of authorizing a long-term contract shall be submitted by the Board of Supervisors to the qualified voters thereof at a special meeting to be held for that purpose. In the alternative, when the Board of Supervisors, at a regular or special meeting of the Board of Supervisors called for such purpose, shall determine by resolution passed by a vote of the Board that the public interest or necessity demands improvements or a long-term contract and that the cost of the same will be too great to be paid out of the ordinary annual income and revenue, it shall order the submission of the proposition of incurring indebtedness or of authorizing a long-term contract to the qualified voters of the District at a meeting to be held for that purpose. A "long-term contract" means a contract in which the District incurs obligations for which the costs are too great to be paid out of the ordinary annual income and revenues of the District, in the judgment of the Board of Supervisors. The term "public improvements" shall include improvements which may be used for the benefit of the public, whether or not publicly owned or operated. Bonded debt or other indebtedness may be authorized for any purpose permitted by 24 V.S.A. chapters 53 and 119, and 10 V.S.A. chapter 12, or any other applicable statutes for any purpose for which the District is organized. The Board of Supervisors may not submit to the voters more than twice in any 12-month period the proposition of incurring bonded or other indebtedness to pay for the same or similar public improvement or of entering the same or similar long-term contract.
(b) Warnings of meeting. The warning calling the special meeting of the District to incur bonded debt or other indebtedness or to authorize a long-term contract shall state the object and purpose for which the indebtedness or long-term contract is proposed to be incurred or authorized, the estimated cost of the improvements or service, the amount of bonds or other evidence of indebtedness proposed to be authorized, a summary of the terms of any contract proposed to be authorized, and means of raising or apportioning costs entailed thereby for debt service or payments under a long term contract. The warning shall fix the place where and the date on which the meeting shall be held and the hours of opening and closing the polls. The Board of Supervisors in cooperation with the Board of Civil Authority of each member municipality shall determine the number and location of polling places; provided, however, that there shall be at least one polling place in each member municipality.
(c) Notice of meeting. The Clerk of the District shall cause notice of such special meeting to be published in a newspaper of known circulation in the District once a week for three consecutive weeks on the same day of the week, the last publication to be not less than five nor more than 10 days before such meeting. Notice of such meeting shall also be posted in at least five public places within each member municipality at least 30 and not more than 40 days before the meeting and be filed with the Clerk of each member municipality and the Clerk of the District prior to posting.
(d) Authorization. When a majority of all the voters present and voting on the question from all the member municipalities at such special meeting vote to authorize the issuance of bonds or other evidence of indebtedness or to authorize a long-term contract, the District shall be authorized to issue the bonds or other evidence of indebtedness as provided in 24 V.S.A. chapter 53 or other applicable statutes, or to enter into the long-term contract. Or, in accordance with subchapter 1, section 109 of this chapter and 24 V.S.A. chapter 121, subchapter 4, a majority of the voters of the subgroup of member municipalities votes to authorize the issuance of bonds or other evidence of indebtedness or to authorize a long-term contract, the District shall be authorized to issue the bonds or other evidence of indebtedness on behalf of the subgroup of member municipalities. The ballots cast in each member municipality shall be preserved and secured for a period of no more than 48 hours, and thereafter shall be delivered to the District Clerk. The ballots shall be commingled and counted by a member of the Board of Supervisors together with the town or city clerk from each member municipality, or the clerk's designee. Sections 507 (Australian ballot), 508 (Qualifications and registration of voters), 509 (Conduct of meetings), 510 (Reconsideration or rescission of vote), and 511 (Validation of District meetings) of subchapter 5 of this chapter shall apply to any District meeting called to incur long-term debt or to authorize a long-term contract.
(e) Assessment. The cost of debt service or of payments under a long-term contract shall be allocated among the member municipalities as provided in subsection 402(c) of this subchapter, unless otherwise provided by applicable law and in the vote authorizing the same. The applicable provision of 24 V.S.A. chapter 53 or other enabling law under which debt is incurred or long-term contracts authorized shall apply to the issuance of bonds or other evidence of indebtedness by the District and for that purpose the District shall be deemed a "municipal corporation," the Board of Supervisors shall be deemed a "legislative branch," and the District Treasurer shall be deemed a "municipal treasurer" within the purview of that chapter. Bonds or other evidence of indebtedness and long term contracts shall be signed by the Treasurer and Chair of the Board of Supervisors of the District.
(f) Special limitation. The Board of Supervisors shall not submit to the legal voters of the District any proposition to issue bonds or other long-term indebtedness or to authorize a long-term contract less than 12 months after the District has become a body politic and corporate.
§ 407-407. Sinking fund
The Board of Supervisors may establish and provide for a sinking fund, however denominated, for the retirement of bond issue or other debt or to provide security for the payment thereof. When so established, it shall be kept intact and separate from other monies at the disposal of the District and shall be accounted for as a pledged asset for the purpose of retiring or securing such obligations. The cost of payments to any sinking fund shall be included in the annual budget of the District.
§ 407-408. Capital reserve fund
The Board of Supervisors may establish and provide for a capital reserve fund to pay in full or in part for public improvements, replacement of worn-out buildings and equipment, and planned and unplanned major repairs of a management facility, in furtherance of the purpose for which the District was created. Any such capital reserve fund shall be kept in a separate account and invested as are other public funds and shall be expended for such purposes for which established. The cost of payments to any capital reserve fund shall be included in the annual budget of the District.
§ 407-409. Disposal fees
The Board of Supervisors may establish and from time to time adjust a disposal fee structure (tipping fee) upon the operation and maintenance of any solid waste management facility located within the District.
- Subchapter 005: SPECIAL DISTRICT MEETINGS
§ 407-501. Special meetings
The Board of Supervisors may call a special meeting of the District when it deems it necessary or prudent to do so and shall call a special meeting of the District when action by the voters of the District is necessary under this agreement or under any applicable law. In addition, the Board of Supervisors shall call a special meeting of the District if petitioned to do so by not less than five percent of the legal voters of the District. The Board of Supervisors may rescind the call of a special meeting called by them but not a special meeting called on application of five percent of the legal voters of the District. The Board of Supervisors shall endeavor to have the time of such special meetings coincide with the time of annual municipal meetings, primary elections, general elections, or similar meetings when the electorate within the member municipalities will be voting on other matters.
§ 407-502. Public hearings
At any special meeting of the District, voters of each member municipality shall cast their ballots at such polling places within the municipality of their residence as shall be determined by the Board of Supervisors in cooperation with the Board of Civil Authority of each member municipality.
§ 407-503. Public hearings
Not less than three nor more than 14 days prior to any special meeting called by the Board of Supervisors, at least one public hearing shall be held by the Board of Supervisors at which time the issues under consideration shall be presented and comments received. Notice of such public hearing shall include the publication of a warning in a newspaper of general circulation in the District at least once a week, on the same day of the week, for three consecutive weeks, the last publication not less than five nor more than 10 days before the public hearing.
§ 407-504. Warnings required
The Board of Supervisors of the District shall warn a special meeting of the District by filing a notice with the town clerk of each member municipality and by posting a notice in at least five public places in each municipality in the District not less than 30 nor more than 40 days before the meeting. In addition, the warning shall be published in a newspaper of general circulation in the District once a week on the same day of the week for three consecutive weeks before the meeting, the last publication to be not less than five nor more than 10 days before the meeting.
§ 407-505. Signing of warning
The original warning of any special meeting of the District shall be signed by a number of the Board of Supervisors equal to a majority of the total votes entitled to be cast and shall be filed with the District Clerk before being posted.
§ 407-506. Warning contents
The posted notification shall include the date, time, place, and nature of the meeting. It shall, by separate articles, specifically indicate the business to be transacted and the questions to be voted upon. The warning also shall contain any article requested by petition and submitted under section 501 of this subchapter and filed with the District Clerk.
§ 407-507. Australian ballot
The Australian ballot system shall be used at all special meetings of the District when voting is to take place.
§ 407-508. Qualifications and registration of voters
All legal voters of the member municipalities shall be legal voters of the District. The member municipalities shall post and revise checklists in the same manner as for municipal meetings prior to any District meeting at which there will be voting.
§ 407-509. Conduct of meetings
At all special meetings of the District, the provisions of 17 V.S.A. chapter 51 regarding election officials (subchapter 1), voting machines (subchapter 3), polling places (subchapter 4), early or absentee voters (subchapter 6), process of voting (subchapter 7), count and return of votes (subchapter 8), recounts and contest of elections (subchapter 9), and jurisdiction of courts (subchapter 10) shall apply except where clearly inapplicable. The District Clerk shall perform the functions assigned to the Secretary of State under that chapter. The Windsor Superior Court shall have jurisdiction over petitions for recounts. Election expenses shall be borne by the District.
§ 407-510. Reconsideration or rescission of vote
(a) A question considered or voted on at any special meeting of the District shall not be submitted to the voters for reconsideration or rescission, except at a subsequent special meeting duly warned for that purpose and called by the Board of Supervisors on its own motion or pursuant to a petition requesting such reconsideration or rescission signed and submitted in accordance with subsection (b) of this section.
(b) Where a petition signed by not less than five percent of the qualified voters of the District requesting reconsideration or rescission of a question considered or voted on at a previous special meeting is submitted to the Board of Supervisors of the District within 30 days following the date of that meeting, the Board of Supervisors shall provide for a vote by the District in accordance with the petition within 60 days of the submission at a special meeting duly warned for that purpose.
(c) A vote taken at a special meeting shall remain in effect unless rescinded at a special meeting called and warned in accordance with this section.
(d) A question voted on or considered shall not be presented for reconsideration or rescission at more than one subsequent meeting except with the approval of the Board of Supervisors.
§ 407-511. Validation of District meetings
When any of the requirements as to notice or warning of a special District meeting have been omitted or not complied with, the omission or noncompliance, if the meeting and the business transacted at it are otherwise legal and within the scope of the District powers, may be corrected and legalized by vote at a special meeting of the District called and duly warned for that purpose. The question to be voted upon shall substantially be, "Shall the action taken at the meeting of this District held on (state date) in spite of the fact that (state the error or omission), and any act or action of the District officers or agents pursuant thereto be readopted, ratified, or confirmed?" Errors or omissions in the conduct of an original meeting which are not the result of an unlawful notice or warning or noncompliance within the scope of the warning may be cured by a resolution of the Board of Supervisors of the District by a vote of two-thirds of all the votes entitled to be cast at a regular meeting or a special meeting called for that purpose stating that the defect was the result of an oversight, inadvertence, or mistake. When an error or omission of this nature has been thus corrected by resolution, all business within the terms of the action of the qualified voters shall be as valid as if the requirements had been initially complied with upon condition, however, that the original action thereby corrected by the Board of Supervisors was in compliance with the legal exercise of its corporate powers.
§ 407-512. Priority
When a special meeting of the District is called to act upon a proposition to incur bonded or other indebtedness, the special meeting procedures outlined in subchapter 4 shall control over the meeting procedures outlined in this subchapter in the event of conflict.
- Subchapter 006: MISCELLANEOUS
§ 407-601. Indemnification
To the extent permitted by law, the District shall protect, defend, indemnify, and hold harmless each member municipality and its respective officials, officers, members, employees, and agents from and against all liabilities, damages, claims, demands, judgments, losses, costs, expenses, suits, actions, or proceedings, and attorneys' fees, with respect to any act or omission arising out of the activities and operations of the District. The District shall indemnify its officers, supervisors, and employees from and against all liabilities, damages, claims, demands, judgments, losses, costs, expenses, suits, actions, or proceedings and attorney's fees, except in the case of willful misconduct and gross negligence.
§ 407-602. Withdrawal of member municipality
A member municipality may withdraw from the District upon the terms and conditions specified below:
(1) Withdrawal prior to the District incurring bonded indebtedness or entering long-term contracts.
(A) The Board of Supervisors shall not enter into any long-term contract, or call a special meeting on incurring long-term debt for a minimum of 12 months from the date of establishment of the District, and until the District shall have prepared and adopted a solid waste management plan in accordance with No. 78 of the Acts of 1987 and the State solid waste management plan.
(B) No member municipality may withdraw from the District for a period of one year from the date of establishment of the District.
(C) After the expiration of one year from the date of the establishment of the District or prior to the District incurring bonded indebtedness or entering into a long-term contract, a member municipality may vote to withdraw in the same manner as the vote for adoption of the agreement by such member municipality. If a majority of the voters of a member municipality present and voting at a meeting duly warned for such purpose shall vote to withdraw from the District, the vote shall be certified by the clerk of that municipality and presented to the Board of Supervisors. Thereafter, the Board shall give notice to the remaining member municipalities of the vote to withdraw and shall hold a meeting to determine if it is in the best interests of the District to continue to exist. Representatives of the member municipalities shall be given an opportunity to be heard at such meeting together with any other interested persons. After such a meeting, the Board of Supervisors may declare the District dissolved immediately or as soon thereafter as the financial obligations of the District and of each member municipality on account thereof have been satisfied, or it may declare that the District shall continue to exist despite the withdrawal of such member municipality. The membership of the withdrawing municipality shall terminate as soon after such vote to withdraw as the financial obligations of said withdrawing municipality have been paid to the District.
(2) Withdrawal after 12 months from the date of establishment of the District. After the expiration of 12 months from the date of establishment of the District or after the District has incurred bonded indebtedness or entered into a long-term contract, a member municipality may vote to withdraw in the same manner as the vote for adoption of the agreement by such member municipality. It shall be a condition that the withdrawing municipality shall enter into a written agreement with the District whereby such withdrawing municipality shall be obligated to continue to pay its share of the debt incurred by the District for the remaining bonding or contract term. In addition, the withdrawing municipality shall obligate itself to pay the cost of redesigning and rebuilding any facility of the District occasioned because of the reduced volume of solid waste. The cost shall be determined by an independent engineering firm hired by the Board of Supervisors. These additional costs shall be paid either in a lump sum or in installments at such times and in such amounts as required by the Board of Supervisors. In addition, if the District shall have entered into long, term contractual commitments, no withdrawal of a town or city shall be permitted during the period of such commitment if such withdrawal would adversely affect the obligations of the District thereunder or its ability or rights to procure the means for payment, continuation, and discharge thereof.
§ 407-603. Admission of new member municipalities
The Board of Supervisors may authorize the inclusion of additional member municipalities in the District upon such terms and conditions as in its sole discretion shall deem to be fair, reasonable, and in the best interests of the District. The legislative branch of any nonmember municipality which desires to be admitted to the District shall make application for admission to the Board of Supervisors of the District. The Board shall determine the effects and impacts which are likely to occur if such municipality is admitted and shall thereafter either grant or deny authority for admission of the petitioning municipality. If the Board grants such authority, it shall also specify any terms and conditions, including financial obligations, upon which such admission is predicated. The petitioning municipality shall thereafter comply with the approval procedures specified in 24 V.S.A. chapter 121. If a majority of the voters of the petitioning municipality present and voting at a meeting of such municipality duly warned for such purpose shall vote to approve the agreement and the terms and conditions for admission, the vote shall be certified by the clerk of that municipality to the Board of Supervisors. Thereafter, upon satisfactory performance of the terms and conditions of admission, said municipality shall by resolution of the Board of Supervisors become and thereafter be a member municipality of the District.
§ 407-604. Dissolution of District
(a) Procedure. If the Board of Supervisors by resolution approved by two-thirds of all the votes entitled to be cast determines that it is in the best interests of the public, the member municipalities and the District that the District be dissolved, and if the District then has no outstanding debt or obligations under long-term contracts, or will have no such debt or obligation upon completion of the plan of dissolution, it shall prepare a plan of dissolution and thereafter adopt a resolution directing that the question of such dissolution and the plan of dissolution be submitted to the voters of the District at a special meeting of the District duly warned for such purpose. If two-thirds of the voters of the District present and voting at such special meeting of the District duly warned for such purpose shall vote to dissolve the District and approve the plan of dissolution, the District shall cease to conduct its affairs except insofar as may be necessary for the winding up thereof. The Board of Supervisors shall immediately cause a notice of the proposed dissolution to be mailed to each known creditor of the District and to the Vermont Secretary of State and shall proceed to collect the assets of the District and apply and distribute them in accordance with the plan of dissolution, which plan and the implementation thereof shall be subject to approval and supervision by the Windsor Superior Court.
(b) Plan of dissolution. The plan of dissolution shall:
(1) Identify and value all unencumbered assets of the District;
(2) Identify and value all encumbered assets of the District;
(3) Identify all creditors of the District and the nature or amount of all liabilities and obligations of the District;
(4) Identify all obligations under long-term contracts;
(5) Specify the means by which assets of the District shall be liquidated and all liabilities and obligations of the District shall be paid and discharged, or adequate provision shall be made for the satisfaction thereof;
(6) Specify the amount of monies due from each member municipality, if necessary, to extinguish the liabilities of the District;
(7) Specify the nature and amount of any liabilities or obligations to be assumed and paid by the member municipalities;
(8) Specify the means by which any assets remaining after discharge of all liabilities shall be liquidated if necessary;
(9) Specify that any assets remaining after payment of all liabilities shall be apportioned and distributed among the member municipalities according to the same basic formula used in apportioning the annual assessments of the District.
(c) Termination. When the plan of dissolution has been implemented, the Board of Supervisors shall adopt a resolution certifying that fact to the member municipalities, whereupon this agreement and the District created hereby shall be terminated.
§ 407-605. Amendment of the District agreement
The Board of Supervisors may amend this District agreement by the following procedure. The Board of Supervisors at any regular or special meeting of the Board may, by a majority vote, pass a resolution stating its intent to amend the agreement. A written copy of the resolution, stating the wording of the amendment and the purpose of the amendment and the date of the meeting scheduled to act on the amendment, shall be delivered to the legislative branches of each municipality and mailed to or left at the usual place of residence of each member of the Board of Supervisors at least 10 business days prior to the meeting scheduled to adopt the amendment. The amendment shall become effective after 10 business days following a majority vote of the Board of Supervisors at the meeting scheduled to act on the amendment, unless a majority of the legislative branches of member municipalities requests, in writing, that the Board of Supervisors hold a special District meeting to vote on the amendment. This District agreement may be amended by the voters of the District at a special meeting called in accordance with section 501 of subchapter 5 of this chapter. This agreement may be amended from time to time in the manner herein provided, but no such amendment shall be made which shall substantially impair the rights of the holders of any bonds or other notes or other evidence of indebtedness or substantially affect any obligations under long-term contracts of the District then outstanding or in effect, or the rights of the District to procure the means for payment, continuation, or termination thereof. If the amendment is adopted by the Board of Supervisors or by the voters of the District, the Clerk of the District, within 10 days after the vote of adoption, shall certify to the Secretary of State each proposal of amendment showing the facts as to its origin and the procedure followed. The Secretary of State shall then proceed as with municipal charter amendments.
§ 407-606. Severability
Should any court of competent jurisdiction judge any term, phrase, clause, sentence, or provision of this agreement to be invalid, illegal, or unenforceable in any respect, such judgment shall not affect the validity, legality, or enforceability of the agreement as a whole or any other part of this agreement.
§ 407-607. Definitions
As used in this chapter:
(1) "Solid waste" shall mean any discarded garbage, refuse, sludge from a waste treatment plant, water supply plant, or pollution control facility, and other discarded material possessing no value to its present user, including solid, liquid, semi-solid, or contained gaseous materials resulting from industrial, commercial, mining, or agricultural operations, and from community activities, but does not include animal manure and absorbent bedding used for soil enrichment or solid or dissolved materials in industrial discharges which are point sources subject to permits under the Waste Pollution Control Act, 10 V.S.A. chapter 47.
(2)(A) "Hazardous waste" shall mean any waste or combination of wastes of a solid, liquid, contained gaseous, or semi-solid form, including those which are toxic, corrosive, ignitable, reactive, strong sensitizers, or which generate pressure through decomposition, or other means, which in the judgment of the Commissioner of the Department of Environmental Conservation, or his or her duly authorized representative:
(i) may cause, or contribute to an increase in mortality or an increase in serious irreversible or incapacitating reversible illness, taking into account the toxicity of such waste, its persistence and degradability in nature, and its potential for assimilation, or concentration in tissue, and other factors that may otherwise cause or contribute to adverse acute or chronic effects on the health of persons or other living organisms; or
(ii) may have an unusually destructive effect on water quality if discharged to ground or surface waters of the State.
(B) All special nuclear, source, or byproduct material, as defined by the Atomic Energy Act of 1964 and amendments thereto, codified in 42 U.S.C. § 2014, is specifically excluded from this definition. Hazardous waste also includes any material or product so designated under 10 V.S.A. § 6602(4).
(3) "Household hazardous waste" shall mean any component of solid waste generated by households in the District which exhibit the characteristics of a hazardous waste, but which are excluded from State or federal hazardous waste regulation.
(4) "Small quantity generator hazardous waste" shall mean wastes generated by industrial, commercial, and institutional activities in the District which would be a listed or characteristic hazardous waste but which are generated in small enough quantities so as to be excluded from State or federal regulation as a hazardous waste.
(5) "Sludge" shall mean solids and semi-solids generated by a wastewater treatment plant. Notwithstanding any provision of this agreement, the District shall have the power to impose and collect a surcharge or special assessment for the collection, storage, and disposal of sludge.